We investigated apoptosis induction by sulforaphane on three cell lines characterized by a different p53 status. In particular, we used p53-knock-out fibroblasts from newborn mice transfected with the p53-Ser220 mutation, observed in Li-Fraumeni Syndrome patients, as a model of mutated p53 status. Moreover, immortalized fibroblasts from newborn mice expressing or lacking p53 (p53+/+ and p53-/-, respectively) have been used to verify whether mutated p53 status could prevent sulforaphane-induced apoptotic events. Sulforaphane was able to induce apoptosis on all three cell lines. Indeed, the caspase-3 assays and poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP) cleavage data indicated that sulforaphane stimulated caspase-3-like activity and degradation of PARP. However, cells with a wild-type or mutated p53 appeared to be more sensitive to the effects of sulforaphane than cells lacking p53. Taken together, our results suggest that sulforaphane could act by a p53-independent pathway. For this reason, sulforaphane can be viewed as a novel agent useful not only in the treatment of Li-Fraumeni-associated tumors but also drug resistant tumors where p53 dysregulation is a feature.

A mutated p53 status did not prevent the induction of apoptosis by sulforaphane, a promising anti-cancer drug

FIMOGNARI, CARMELA;SANGIORGI, LUCA;CAPPONCELLI, SILVIA;CANTELLI FORTI, GIORGIO;HRELIA, PATRIZIA
2005

Abstract

We investigated apoptosis induction by sulforaphane on three cell lines characterized by a different p53 status. In particular, we used p53-knock-out fibroblasts from newborn mice transfected with the p53-Ser220 mutation, observed in Li-Fraumeni Syndrome patients, as a model of mutated p53 status. Moreover, immortalized fibroblasts from newborn mice expressing or lacking p53 (p53+/+ and p53-/-, respectively) have been used to verify whether mutated p53 status could prevent sulforaphane-induced apoptotic events. Sulforaphane was able to induce apoptosis on all three cell lines. Indeed, the caspase-3 assays and poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP) cleavage data indicated that sulforaphane stimulated caspase-3-like activity and degradation of PARP. However, cells with a wild-type or mutated p53 appeared to be more sensitive to the effects of sulforaphane than cells lacking p53. Taken together, our results suggest that sulforaphane could act by a p53-independent pathway. For this reason, sulforaphane can be viewed as a novel agent useful not only in the treatment of Li-Fraumeni-associated tumors but also drug resistant tumors where p53 dysregulation is a feature.
FIMOGNARI C.; SANGIORGI L.; CAPPONCELLI S.; NUESSE M.; FONTANESI S.; BERTI F.; SODDU S.; CANTELLI-FORTI G.; HRELIA P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/1409
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