The Authors evaluated the accuracy of the radiographic markers by comparing the PR with an axial computed tomographic, or CT, scan. They identified a sample of 73 third molars that showed a close relationship between the tooth roots and the mandibular canal on the PR, and then classified them on the basis of five radiographic markers. The distribution of the five radiographic markers was as follows: 37 teeth exhibited increased radiolucency, 13 exhibited superimposition, 14 exhibited interruption of the radiopaque border, 14 exhibited narrowing of the canal and seven exhibited diversion of the canal. In 11 cases, two or more markers were recognizable. The predictive values of a positive test result were as follows: increased radiolucency, 73%; superimposition, 38.5%; interruption of the radiopaque border, 71.4%; narrowing, 78.6%; and diversion, 100%. The Authors detected contact in all of the cases that exhibited two or more markers. The results of this study may lead to some guidelines for oral surgeons evaluating whether to obtain an axial CT scan for further investigation after examining an impacted mandibular third molar via PR.

Reliability of panoramic radiography in evaluating the topographic relationship between the mandibular canal and impacted third molars

MONACO, GIUSEPPE;MONTEVECCHI, MARCO;ALESSANDRI BONETTI, GIULIO;GATTO, MARIA ROSARIA;CHECCHI, LUIGI
2004

Abstract

The Authors evaluated the accuracy of the radiographic markers by comparing the PR with an axial computed tomographic, or CT, scan. They identified a sample of 73 third molars that showed a close relationship between the tooth roots and the mandibular canal on the PR, and then classified them on the basis of five radiographic markers. The distribution of the five radiographic markers was as follows: 37 teeth exhibited increased radiolucency, 13 exhibited superimposition, 14 exhibited interruption of the radiopaque border, 14 exhibited narrowing of the canal and seven exhibited diversion of the canal. In 11 cases, two or more markers were recognizable. The predictive values of a positive test result were as follows: increased radiolucency, 73%; superimposition, 38.5%; interruption of the radiopaque border, 71.4%; narrowing, 78.6%; and diversion, 100%. The Authors detected contact in all of the cases that exhibited two or more markers. The results of this study may lead to some guidelines for oral surgeons evaluating whether to obtain an axial CT scan for further investigation after examining an impacted mandibular third molar via PR.
G. Monaco; M. Montevecchi; G. Alessandri Bonetti; M.R.A. Gatto; L. Checchi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/14000
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