We investigated the prognostic weight of several risk factors for heart failure in patients undergoing CABG. We followed 351 consecutive patients for 18+/-12 months after surgery to assess clinical outcome, presence and degree of heart failure. The risk of developing heart failure >class 2 at 1 year was investigated by logistic regression on the following preoperative variables: sex, age, left ventricular EF, QRS duration, previous MI, history of heart failure, atrial fibrillation (AF), hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, previous stroke. Age was 70+/-8 years and EF was 54+/-12% at the time of surgery. Heart failure >class 2 occurred in 95/351 patients (27%) at follow up. Logistic regression identified QRS duration (OR=1.02), a history of stroke (OR=3.94), and diabetes (OR=1.98) as predictors of CHF at follow up. All the other variables were not risk markers for heart failure at logistic regression. Thirty five patients (10%) had QRS>/=140 ms before surgery; 51% of them had CHF at follow up compared to 24% of patients with QRS<140 ms (p<0.05). In the current surgical era, candidates to CABG (50% of patients older than 70 years) have a relevant likelihood of heart failure at follow up, despite myocardial revascularization. Risk stratification may rely upon inexpensive variables as previous stroke, diabetes, and QRS duration. A minority of patients (5%) could benefit from LV-based pacing, which should be considered at the same surgical time via an epicardial implantation.

Heart failure after myocardial revascularization: Risk markers.

BORIANI, GIUSEPPE;BRANZI, ANGELO
2005

Abstract

We investigated the prognostic weight of several risk factors for heart failure in patients undergoing CABG. We followed 351 consecutive patients for 18+/-12 months after surgery to assess clinical outcome, presence and degree of heart failure. The risk of developing heart failure >class 2 at 1 year was investigated by logistic regression on the following preoperative variables: sex, age, left ventricular EF, QRS duration, previous MI, history of heart failure, atrial fibrillation (AF), hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, previous stroke. Age was 70+/-8 years and EF was 54+/-12% at the time of surgery. Heart failure >class 2 occurred in 95/351 patients (27%) at follow up. Logistic regression identified QRS duration (OR=1.02), a history of stroke (OR=3.94), and diabetes (OR=1.98) as predictors of CHF at follow up. All the other variables were not risk markers for heart failure at logistic regression. Thirty five patients (10%) had QRS>/=140 ms before surgery; 51% of them had CHF at follow up compared to 24% of patients with QRS<140 ms (p<0.05). In the current surgical era, candidates to CABG (50% of patients older than 70 years) have a relevant likelihood of heart failure at follow up, despite myocardial revascularization. Risk stratification may rely upon inexpensive variables as previous stroke, diabetes, and QRS duration. A minority of patients (5%) could benefit from LV-based pacing, which should be considered at the same surgical time via an epicardial implantation.
Biffi M; Bertini M; Boriani G; Martignani C; Branzi A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/13509
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