The aging phenotype in humans has been thoroughly studied but a detailed metabolic profiling capable of shading light on the underpinning biological processes of longevity is still missing. Here using a combined metabonomics approach compromising holistic 1H-NMR profiling and targeted MS approaches, we report for the first time the metabolic phenotype of longevity in a well characterized human aging cohort compromising mostly female’s centenarian, elderly, and young individuals. Within increasing age targeted MS profiling of blood serum displayed a marked decrease in tryptophan concentration, while an unique alteration of specific glycerophospholipids and sphingolipids are seen in the longevity phenotype.We hypothesized that the overall lipidome changes specific to longevity putatively reflect centenarians’ unique capacity to adapt/respond to the accumulating oxidative and chronic inflammatory conditions characteristics of their extreme aging phenotype. Our data in centenarians support promotion of a cellular detoxification mechanisms through specific modulation of the arachidonic acid metabolic cascade as we underpinned increased concentration of 8,9-EpETrE, suggesting enhanced cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme activity. Such effective mechanism might results in the activation of an anti-oxidative response, as displayed by decreased circulating levels of 9-HODE, and 9-oxoODE, markers of lipid peroxidation and oxidative products of linoleic acid. Lastly, we also revealed that the longevity process deeply affects the structure and composition of the human gut microbiota as shown by the increased extrection of phenylacetylglutamine (PAG) and p-cresol sulfate (PCS) in urine of centenarians. Together, our novel approach in this representative Italian longevity cohort support the hypothesis that a complex remodeling of lipid, amino acid metabolism, and of gut microbiota functionality are key regulatory processes marking exceptional longevity in humans.

Metabolic signatures of extreme longevity in northern Italian centenarians reveal a complex remodeling of lipids, amino acids, and gut microbiota metabolism.

SALVIOLI, STEFANO;BUCCI, LAURA;OSTAN, RITA;BIAGI, ELENA;BRIGIDI, PATRIZIA;FRANCESCHI, CLAUDIO;
2013

Abstract

The aging phenotype in humans has been thoroughly studied but a detailed metabolic profiling capable of shading light on the underpinning biological processes of longevity is still missing. Here using a combined metabonomics approach compromising holistic 1H-NMR profiling and targeted MS approaches, we report for the first time the metabolic phenotype of longevity in a well characterized human aging cohort compromising mostly female’s centenarian, elderly, and young individuals. Within increasing age targeted MS profiling of blood serum displayed a marked decrease in tryptophan concentration, while an unique alteration of specific glycerophospholipids and sphingolipids are seen in the longevity phenotype.We hypothesized that the overall lipidome changes specific to longevity putatively reflect centenarians’ unique capacity to adapt/respond to the accumulating oxidative and chronic inflammatory conditions characteristics of their extreme aging phenotype. Our data in centenarians support promotion of a cellular detoxification mechanisms through specific modulation of the arachidonic acid metabolic cascade as we underpinned increased concentration of 8,9-EpETrE, suggesting enhanced cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme activity. Such effective mechanism might results in the activation of an anti-oxidative response, as displayed by decreased circulating levels of 9-HODE, and 9-oxoODE, markers of lipid peroxidation and oxidative products of linoleic acid. Lastly, we also revealed that the longevity process deeply affects the structure and composition of the human gut microbiota as shown by the increased extrection of phenylacetylglutamine (PAG) and p-cresol sulfate (PCS) in urine of centenarians. Together, our novel approach in this representative Italian longevity cohort support the hypothesis that a complex remodeling of lipid, amino acid metabolism, and of gut microbiota functionality are key regulatory processes marking exceptional longevity in humans.
2013
Collino S.; Montoliu I.; Martin F.P.J.; Scherer M.; Mari D.; Salvioli S.; Bucci L.; Ostan R.; Monti D.; Biagi E.; Brigidi P.; Franceschi C.; Rezzi S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/134546
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