Introduction: Evaluation of kidney transplant candidates is based on strict exclusion of major pathologies, such as neoplastic disease. The aim of this study is to evaluate epidemiological and clinical impact of tumor disease in an Italian renal transplant waiting list and to propose a screening schedule for neoplastic detection.
Materials and methods: We retrospectively observed data of patients enrolled on the Emilia-Romagna kidney transplant waiting list between 1st August 2008 and 31st December 2010, evaluating the different causes of getting out from the list, the histologic type and incidence of cancer and the correlation between cancer onset and clinical features. The ratio of observed to expected cancer numbers (standardized incidence ratio, SIR), was estimated. 
Results: We observed 2345 patients; 1297 got out from the waiting list; 57 of them (4,4%) got out because the onset of tumor. The overall incidence rate of cancer was 1354.8 (x 100000 person-year) (1045.9 person-year in patients awaiting for first transplant(FT), 1851.5 person-year in patients awaiting for second transplant(ST)). The overall prevalence of cancer was 2,43% (2.2% in FT, 3.4% in ST) with a SIR of 1.8; In our population the prevalence of cancers related to ESKD was 52.6% with a SIR of 15.8.
Conclusion: Kidney transplant waiting list patients present a higher incidence and prevalence of cancer compared to general population; it could be important to evaluate them for ESKD related malignancies because of their high incidence.

Incidence and prevalence of cancer in kidney transplantation waiting list patients: An italian experience.

MOSCONI, GIOVANNI;CENTOFANTI, FRANCESCA;CAPELLI, IRENE;PERSICI, ELISA;STEFONI, SERGIO
2013

Abstract

Introduction: Evaluation of kidney transplant candidates is based on strict exclusion of major pathologies, such as neoplastic disease. The aim of this study is to evaluate epidemiological and clinical impact of tumor disease in an Italian renal transplant waiting list and to propose a screening schedule for neoplastic detection.
Materials and methods: We retrospectively observed data of patients enrolled on the Emilia-Romagna kidney transplant waiting list between 1st August 2008 and 31st December 2010, evaluating the different causes of getting out from the list, the histologic type and incidence of cancer and the correlation between cancer onset and clinical features. The ratio of observed to expected cancer numbers (standardized incidence ratio, SIR), was estimated. 
Results: We observed 2345 patients; 1297 got out from the waiting list; 57 of them (4,4%) got out because the onset of tumor. The overall incidence rate of cancer was 1354.8 (x 100000 person-year) (1045.9 person-year in patients awaiting for first transplant(FT), 1851.5 person-year in patients awaiting for second transplant(ST)). The overall prevalence of cancer was 2,43% (2.2% in FT, 3.4% in ST) with a SIR of 1.8; In our population the prevalence of cancers related to ESKD was 52.6% with a SIR of 15.8.
Conclusion: Kidney transplant waiting list patients present a higher incidence and prevalence of cancer compared to general population; it could be important to evaluate them for ESKD related malignancies because of their high incidence.
Mosconi G; Centofanti F; Capelli I; Ricci A; Persici E; Gandolfini I; Rubbiani E; Buzio C; Cappelli G; Costa AN; Stefoni S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/134460
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