Taste signalling molecules are found in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract suggesting that they participate to chemosensing. We tested whether fasting and refeeding affect the expression of the taste signalling molecule, a-transducin (Gatran), throughout the pig GI tract and the peptide content of Gatran cells. The highest density of Gatran-immunoreactive (IR) cells was in the pylorus, followed by the cardiac mucosa, duodenum, rectum, descending colon, jejunum, caecum, ascending colon and ileum. Most Gatran-IR cells contained chromogranin A. In the stomach, many Gatran-IR cells contained ghrelin, whereas in the upper small intestine many were gastrin/cholecystokinin-IR and a few somatostatin-IR. Gatran-IR and Gagust-IR colocalized in some cells. Fasting (24 h) resulted in a significant decrease in Gatran-IR cells in the cardiac mucosa (29.3 0.8 versus 64.8 1.3, P < 0.05), pylorus (98.8 1.7 versus 190.8 1.9, P < 0.0 l), caecum (8 0.01 versus 15.5 0.5, P < 0.01), descending colon (17.8 0.3 versus 23 0.6, P < 0.05) and rectum (15.3 0.3 versus 27.5 0.7, P < 0.05). Refeeding restored the control level of Gatran-IR cells in the cardiac mucosa. In contrast, in the duodenum and jejunum, Gatran-IR cells were significantly reduced after refeeding, whereas Gatran-IR cells density in the ileum was not changed by fasting/refeeding. These findings provide further support to the concept that taste receptors contribute to luminal chemosensing in the GI tract and suggest they are involved in modulation of food intake and GI function induced by feeding and fasting.

Mazzoni M., De Giorgio R., Latorre R., Vallorani C., Bosi P, Trevisi P., et al. (2013). Expression and regulation of α-transducin in the pig gastrointestinal tract. JOURNAL OF CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR MEDICINE, 17(4), 466-474 [10.1111/jcmm.12026].

Expression and regulation of α-transducin in the pig gastrointestinal tract

MAZZONI, MAURIZIO;DE GIORGIO, ROBERTO;LATORRE, ROCCO;VALLORANI, CLAUDIA;BOSI, PAOLO;TREVISI, PAOLO;BARBARA, GIOVANNI;STANGHELLINI, VINCENZO;CORINALDESI, ROBERTO;FORNI, MONICA;CLAVENZANI, PAOLO
2013

Abstract

Taste signalling molecules are found in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract suggesting that they participate to chemosensing. We tested whether fasting and refeeding affect the expression of the taste signalling molecule, a-transducin (Gatran), throughout the pig GI tract and the peptide content of Gatran cells. The highest density of Gatran-immunoreactive (IR) cells was in the pylorus, followed by the cardiac mucosa, duodenum, rectum, descending colon, jejunum, caecum, ascending colon and ileum. Most Gatran-IR cells contained chromogranin A. In the stomach, many Gatran-IR cells contained ghrelin, whereas in the upper small intestine many were gastrin/cholecystokinin-IR and a few somatostatin-IR. Gatran-IR and Gagust-IR colocalized in some cells. Fasting (24 h) resulted in a significant decrease in Gatran-IR cells in the cardiac mucosa (29.3 0.8 versus 64.8 1.3, P < 0.05), pylorus (98.8 1.7 versus 190.8 1.9, P < 0.0 l), caecum (8 0.01 versus 15.5 0.5, P < 0.01), descending colon (17.8 0.3 versus 23 0.6, P < 0.05) and rectum (15.3 0.3 versus 27.5 0.7, P < 0.05). Refeeding restored the control level of Gatran-IR cells in the cardiac mucosa. In contrast, in the duodenum and jejunum, Gatran-IR cells were significantly reduced after refeeding, whereas Gatran-IR cells density in the ileum was not changed by fasting/refeeding. These findings provide further support to the concept that taste receptors contribute to luminal chemosensing in the GI tract and suggest they are involved in modulation of food intake and GI function induced by feeding and fasting.
2013
Mazzoni M., De Giorgio R., Latorre R., Vallorani C., Bosi P, Trevisi P., et al. (2013). Expression and regulation of α-transducin in the pig gastrointestinal tract. JOURNAL OF CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR MEDICINE, 17(4), 466-474 [10.1111/jcmm.12026].
Mazzoni M.; De Giorgio R.;Latorre R.; Vallorani C.;Bosi P;Trevisi P.; Barbara G.;Stanghellini V.;Corinaldesi R.;Forni M.;Faussone-Pellegrini M.S.;Sternini C.;Paolo Clavenzani P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/134128
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