BACKGROUND: Apnea of prematurity (AOP) occurs frequently in preterm infants and a variable proportion of AOP can be induced by gastroesophageal reflux (GER). Conservative treatment, including dietary modifications, should be the first-line approach for both GER and GER-related apneas in this population. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of a starch-thickened preterm formula (PF) in reducing the frequency of apneas related to GER. METHODS: Preterm infants with AOP were studied by combined impedance and pH monitoring and polysomnography. The 6-hour study period included two feeds, one of a commercially available PF and one of the same formula thickened with amylopectin (TPF). GER indexes, apneas and GER-related apneas detected after TPF and PF feeds were compared by Wilcoxon signed-rank test. RESULTS: 24 infants were studied. During 140 h of registration, 289 apneas (147 after TPF and 142 after PF; p = 0.876), and 861 GER episodes (400 after TPF and 461 after PF; p = 0.465) were recorded. No difference in the number of AOP was found between TPF and PF. A significant reduction in acid exposure was found after TPF; there was no influence on non-acid GER indexes. The frequency of GER-related apneas did not differ between TPF and PF. CONCLUSIONS: A formula thickened with amylopectin did not reduce the number of AOP or GER-related apneas. It reduced acid GER features but had no effect on non-acid GER indexes. Future research should focus on exploring different conservative strategies to treat GER-related apneas in preterm infants.

A Thickened Formula Does Not Reduce Apneas Related to Gastroesophageal Reflux in Preterm Infants.

CORVAGLIA, LUIGI TOMMASO;SPIZZICHINO, MONICA;ACETI, ARIANNA;LEGNANI, ELENA LARA;MARIANI, ELISA;MARTINI, SILVIA;BATTISTINI, BARBARA;FALDELLA, GIACOMO
2013

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Apnea of prematurity (AOP) occurs frequently in preterm infants and a variable proportion of AOP can be induced by gastroesophageal reflux (GER). Conservative treatment, including dietary modifications, should be the first-line approach for both GER and GER-related apneas in this population. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of a starch-thickened preterm formula (PF) in reducing the frequency of apneas related to GER. METHODS: Preterm infants with AOP were studied by combined impedance and pH monitoring and polysomnography. The 6-hour study period included two feeds, one of a commercially available PF and one of the same formula thickened with amylopectin (TPF). GER indexes, apneas and GER-related apneas detected after TPF and PF feeds were compared by Wilcoxon signed-rank test. RESULTS: 24 infants were studied. During 140 h of registration, 289 apneas (147 after TPF and 142 after PF; p = 0.876), and 861 GER episodes (400 after TPF and 461 after PF; p = 0.465) were recorded. No difference in the number of AOP was found between TPF and PF. A significant reduction in acid exposure was found after TPF; there was no influence on non-acid GER indexes. The frequency of GER-related apneas did not differ between TPF and PF. CONCLUSIONS: A formula thickened with amylopectin did not reduce the number of AOP or GER-related apneas. It reduced acid GER features but had no effect on non-acid GER indexes. Future research should focus on exploring different conservative strategies to treat GER-related apneas in preterm infants.
Corvaglia L; Spizzichino M; Aceti A; Legnani E; Mariani E; Martini S; Battistini B; Faldella G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/133172
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