Improving cold tolerance in maize (Zea mays L.) is an important breeding objective, allowing early sowings which result in many agronomic advantages. Using as source the F2 population of B73 × IABO78 single cross, we previously conducted four cycles of divergent recurrent selection for high (H) and low (L) cold tolerance level, evaluated as the difference (DG) between germination at 9.5 °C and at 25 °C in the germinator. Then, we pursued the divergent selection in inbreeding from S1 to S4. This research was conducted to study (i) the direct response to selection (by testing 10 S4 L and 10 S4 H lines), (ii) the trait inheritance (in a complete diallel scheme involving four L and four H lines), (iii) the associated responses for cold tolerance in the field (at early and delayed sowings) and (iv) the responses for other traits, by testing the 10 L and the 10 H lines at usual sowing. Selection was effective, leading to appreciable and symmetric responses for DG. Variation among crosses was mainly due to additive effects and the ability to predict hybrid DG based on parental lines DG was appreciable. Associated responses for cold tolerance traits in the field were noticeable, though the relationship between DG and these traits was not outstanding. High tolerance was also associated with early flowering, short plants, less leaves, low kernel moisture, red and thin cob, and flint kernels. These divergently selected lines can represent valuable materials for undertaking basic studies and breeding works concerning cold tolerance.

Divergent selection in a maize population for germination at low temperature in controlled environment: study of the direct response, of the trait inheritance and of correlated responses in the field

FRASCAROLI, ELISABETTA;LANDI, PIERANGELO
2013

Abstract

Improving cold tolerance in maize (Zea mays L.) is an important breeding objective, allowing early sowings which result in many agronomic advantages. Using as source the F2 population of B73 × IABO78 single cross, we previously conducted four cycles of divergent recurrent selection for high (H) and low (L) cold tolerance level, evaluated as the difference (DG) between germination at 9.5 °C and at 25 °C in the germinator. Then, we pursued the divergent selection in inbreeding from S1 to S4. This research was conducted to study (i) the direct response to selection (by testing 10 S4 L and 10 S4 H lines), (ii) the trait inheritance (in a complete diallel scheme involving four L and four H lines), (iii) the associated responses for cold tolerance in the field (at early and delayed sowings) and (iv) the responses for other traits, by testing the 10 L and the 10 H lines at usual sowing. Selection was effective, leading to appreciable and symmetric responses for DG. Variation among crosses was mainly due to additive effects and the ability to predict hybrid DG based on parental lines DG was appreciable. Associated responses for cold tolerance traits in the field were noticeable, though the relationship between DG and these traits was not outstanding. High tolerance was also associated with early flowering, short plants, less leaves, low kernel moisture, red and thin cob, and flint kernels. These divergently selected lines can represent valuable materials for undertaking basic studies and breeding works concerning cold tolerance.
2013
Frascaroli E.; Landi P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/131223
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