A prior osteoporotic femoral neck fracture (FNF) doubles the risk of a second, contralateral hip fracture. Pharmacological prevention of osteoporotic fractures is cost-effective but medication compliance and persistence rates are suboptimal.The aim of our study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a device developed for the surgical prevention of an additional contralateral FNF in elderly osteoporotic patients.Only patients with a T score ≤ -2.5 were enrolled and randomized either to receive (Group A) or not receive (Group B) surgical prevention. Sixty-seven patients were enrolled. The mean follow-up was 16 months (range 1 to 22). To date, no contralateral FNF has been reported in either group. In Group A, no device-related complications were recorded. Twelve patients reported one or more falls and in four cases a non-femoral fragility fracture occurred.The main problem with pharmacological prevention is therapy adherence and the extensive period needed for only a slight improvement in bone strength.Surgical prevention is a potential solution for avoiding the occurrence of a second contralateral FNF. Nevertheless, a longer follow-up and a larger cohort of patients is necessary in order to verify the true effectiveness of the surgical prevention in elderly osteoporotic patients.

Osteosynthetic improvement of osteoporotic bone: prevention surgery

GIANNINI, SANDRO;LUCIANI, DEIANIRA;CADOSSI, MATTEO;
2011

Abstract

A prior osteoporotic femoral neck fracture (FNF) doubles the risk of a second, contralateral hip fracture. Pharmacological prevention of osteoporotic fractures is cost-effective but medication compliance and persistence rates are suboptimal.The aim of our study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a device developed for the surgical prevention of an additional contralateral FNF in elderly osteoporotic patients.Only patients with a T score ≤ -2.5 were enrolled and randomized either to receive (Group A) or not receive (Group B) surgical prevention. Sixty-seven patients were enrolled. The mean follow-up was 16 months (range 1 to 22). To date, no contralateral FNF has been reported in either group. In Group A, no device-related complications were recorded. Twelve patients reported one or more falls and in four cases a non-femoral fragility fracture occurred.The main problem with pharmacological prevention is therapy adherence and the extensive period needed for only a slight improvement in bone strength.Surgical prevention is a potential solution for avoiding the occurrence of a second contralateral FNF. Nevertheless, a longer follow-up and a larger cohort of patients is necessary in order to verify the true effectiveness of the surgical prevention in elderly osteoporotic patients.
S. Giannini ; D. Luciani; E. Chiarello; M. Cadossi; G. Tedesco; M Hoque; S. Gnudi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/130016
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