After a review of the pure state case, we discuss from a geometrical point of view the meaning of the quantum Fisher metric in the case of mixed states for a two-level system, i.e. for a q-bit, by examining the structure of the fiber bundle of states, whose base space can be identified with a co-adjoint orbit of the unitary group. We show that the Fisher information metric coincides with the one induced by the metric of the manifold of SU(2), i.e. the three-dimensional sphere S3, when the mixing coefficients are varied. We define the notion of Fisher tensor and show that its anti-symmetric part is intrinsically related to the Kostant–Kirillov–Souriau symplectic form that is naturally defined on co- adjoint orbits, while the symmetric part is non-trivially again represented by the Fubini–Study metric on the space of mixed states, weighted by the mixing coefficients.

Geometry of mixed states for a q-bit and the quantum Fisher information tensor

ERCOLESSI, ELISA;
2012

Abstract

After a review of the pure state case, we discuss from a geometrical point of view the meaning of the quantum Fisher metric in the case of mixed states for a two-level system, i.e. for a q-bit, by examining the structure of the fiber bundle of states, whose base space can be identified with a co-adjoint orbit of the unitary group. We show that the Fisher information metric coincides with the one induced by the metric of the manifold of SU(2), i.e. the three-dimensional sphere S3, when the mixing coefficients are varied. We define the notion of Fisher tensor and show that its anti-symmetric part is intrinsically related to the Kostant–Kirillov–Souriau symplectic form that is naturally defined on co- adjoint orbits, while the symmetric part is non-trivially again represented by the Fubini–Study metric on the space of mixed states, weighted by the mixing coefficients.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/127240
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 7
social impact