The structure and the dynamics of internal motions in the complex formed between acetaldehyde and Kr are studied by free jet absorption microwave spectroscopy performed in the range 60–78 GHz. The fourfold structure of each rotational line is evidence of the vibration-rotation coupling between the overall rotation of the complex, a tunneling motion of the Kr atom between two equivalent positions and the internal rotation of the methyl group in the acetaldehyde moiety. The four sets of transitions could be fitted with a coupled Hamiltonian which allows for the Coriolis interaction obtaining the energy separation between the vibrational energy levels related to the tunneling motion, while the observed splittings due to the methyl group internal rotation were analyzed independently with an appropriate model. The potential energy barriers for the tunneling motion and the internal rotation of the methyl group have been calculated and the interaction of the rare gas atom with the acetaldehyde moiety is reflected in the change of the V3 barrier to internal rotation in going from the molecule to the weakly bound complex.

Internal dynamics features in the free jet rotational spectrum of the acetaldehyde-Kr molecular complex

MELANDRI, SONIA;CAMINATI, WALTHER;VELINO, BIAGIO
2005

Abstract

The structure and the dynamics of internal motions in the complex formed between acetaldehyde and Kr are studied by free jet absorption microwave spectroscopy performed in the range 60–78 GHz. The fourfold structure of each rotational line is evidence of the vibration-rotation coupling between the overall rotation of the complex, a tunneling motion of the Kr atom between two equivalent positions and the internal rotation of the methyl group in the acetaldehyde moiety. The four sets of transitions could be fitted with a coupled Hamiltonian which allows for the Coriolis interaction obtaining the energy separation between the vibrational energy levels related to the tunneling motion, while the observed splittings due to the methyl group internal rotation were analyzed independently with an appropriate model. The potential energy barriers for the tunneling motion and the internal rotation of the methyl group have been calculated and the interaction of the rare gas atom with the acetaldehyde moiety is reflected in the change of the V3 barrier to internal rotation in going from the molecule to the weakly bound complex.
S.Melandri; P.G.Favero; W.Caminati; B. Velino
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/12596
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