BACKGROUND: Advancements in minimally invasive surgery in newborns have allowed even the most complex neonatal procedures to be approached using these techniques. Other authors have demonstrated its efficacy in the treatment of the esophageal atresia with distal fistula. METHODS: We report our experience based on the thoracoscopic repair of esophageal atresia with distal fistula in two newborns. Birth weights were 2.800 g and 2.300 g respectively. The patients were intubated endotracheally and placed in a left prone position. Four trocars were inserted: the first one of 5 mm was positioned in the fifth intercostal space for the camera, the other two of 3 mm were positioned in the fourth intercostal space on the anterior and posterior axillary line respectively for the operative instruments. The last trocar of 3 mm was inserted in the third intercostal space on the anterior axillary line for the lung retractor. CO2 was insufflated at a pressure of 8 mm Hg and a flow of 0.5 L/min. The fistula was first isolated then ligated and cut with scissors. The proximal esophagus was opened and an anastomosis was made over a 6F or 8F nasogastric tube with interrupted 4-0 Vicryl sutures. A tube chest was placed through the lower trocar site with the tip near the anastomosis. RESULTS: These two procedures were free of neither intraoperative nor post-operative complications. Feeding by nasogastric tube was started after a mean of 4 days. Barium swallow made on day 7 demonstrated no leakage and no stenosis of the anastomosis. Total oral feeding was possible after 8 days. Mean hospitalization was 14 days. CONCLUSION: This initial report shows, as demonstrated by the experience since 1999 by other authors, that the thoracoscopic esophageal repair in the newborns is technically feasible and, thanks to a magnified vision, it allows to abtain a good isolation of the esophagus and of the tracheo-esophageal fistula respecting the anatomical structures. Moreover the advantages are in terms of exposure and esophageal length, avoiding the significant short and long-term morbidity associated with thoracotomy.

Thoracoscopic treatment of oesophageal atresia

LIMA, MARIO;GARGANO, TOMMASO;RUGGERI, GIOVANNI;
2007

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Advancements in minimally invasive surgery in newborns have allowed even the most complex neonatal procedures to be approached using these techniques. Other authors have demonstrated its efficacy in the treatment of the esophageal atresia with distal fistula. METHODS: We report our experience based on the thoracoscopic repair of esophageal atresia with distal fistula in two newborns. Birth weights were 2.800 g and 2.300 g respectively. The patients were intubated endotracheally and placed in a left prone position. Four trocars were inserted: the first one of 5 mm was positioned in the fifth intercostal space for the camera, the other two of 3 mm were positioned in the fourth intercostal space on the anterior and posterior axillary line respectively for the operative instruments. The last trocar of 3 mm was inserted in the third intercostal space on the anterior axillary line for the lung retractor. CO2 was insufflated at a pressure of 8 mm Hg and a flow of 0.5 L/min. The fistula was first isolated then ligated and cut with scissors. The proximal esophagus was opened and an anastomosis was made over a 6F or 8F nasogastric tube with interrupted 4-0 Vicryl sutures. A tube chest was placed through the lower trocar site with the tip near the anastomosis. RESULTS: These two procedures were free of neither intraoperative nor post-operative complications. Feeding by nasogastric tube was started after a mean of 4 days. Barium swallow made on day 7 demonstrated no leakage and no stenosis of the anastomosis. Total oral feeding was possible after 8 days. Mean hospitalization was 14 days. CONCLUSION: This initial report shows, as demonstrated by the experience since 1999 by other authors, that the thoracoscopic esophageal repair in the newborns is technically feasible and, thanks to a magnified vision, it allows to abtain a good isolation of the esophagus and of the tracheo-esophageal fistula respecting the anatomical structures. Moreover the advantages are in terms of exposure and esophageal length, avoiding the significant short and long-term morbidity associated with thoracotomy.
2007
M. Lima; L. De Biagi; T. Gargano; G. Ruggeri; M. Libri; Tani G; De Rose R; Gentili A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/121582
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