A process of chloroform (CF) aerobic cometabolic biodegradation by a butane-growing consortium was studied for 354 days in a 2-m continuous-flow sand-filled reactor. The study was aimed at a) investigating the oxygen/substrate pulsed injection as a tool to control the clogging of the porous medium, to attain a wide bioreactive zone and to reduce substrate inhibition on CF cometabolism; b) developing a reliable model of CF cometabolism in porous media. While the continuous supply of butane rapidly led to the clogging of the porous medium due to excessive biomass growth, the testing of six types of oxygen/substrate pulsed feeding led to the identification of a feeding schedule capable to prevent aquifer clogging and to lead to the development of a long bioreactive zone and to satisfactory CF degradation performances. The tested model of aerobic cometabolism allowed a suitable interpretation of the experimental data as long as the ratio of CF degraded to butane consumed was ≤ 0.27 mg CF / mg butane. A long-term 1-D simulation of the best-performing schedule of pulsed oxygen/substrate supply extended to a 30-m aquifer length resulted in a 20-m bioreactive zone and in a 96% CF removal.

Application of the growth substrate pulsed feeding technique to a process of chloroform aerobic cometabolism in a continuous-flow sand-filled reactor / D. Frascari; M. Cappelletti; S. Fedi; A. Verboschi; R. Ciavarelli; M. Nocentini; D. Pinelli. - In: PROCESS BIOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1359-5113. - STAMPA. - 47:(2012), pp. 1656-1664. [10.1016/j.procbio.2011.08.019]

Application of the growth substrate pulsed feeding technique to a process of chloroform aerobic cometabolism in a continuous-flow sand-filled reactor

FRASCARI, DARIO;CAPPELLETTI, MARTINA;FEDI, STEFANO;VERBOSCHI, ANGELO;CIAVARELLI, ROBERTA;NOCENTINI, MASSIMO;PINELLI, DAVIDE
2012

Abstract

A process of chloroform (CF) aerobic cometabolic biodegradation by a butane-growing consortium was studied for 354 days in a 2-m continuous-flow sand-filled reactor. The study was aimed at a) investigating the oxygen/substrate pulsed injection as a tool to control the clogging of the porous medium, to attain a wide bioreactive zone and to reduce substrate inhibition on CF cometabolism; b) developing a reliable model of CF cometabolism in porous media. While the continuous supply of butane rapidly led to the clogging of the porous medium due to excessive biomass growth, the testing of six types of oxygen/substrate pulsed feeding led to the identification of a feeding schedule capable to prevent aquifer clogging and to lead to the development of a long bioreactive zone and to satisfactory CF degradation performances. The tested model of aerobic cometabolism allowed a suitable interpretation of the experimental data as long as the ratio of CF degraded to butane consumed was ≤ 0.27 mg CF / mg butane. A long-term 1-D simulation of the best-performing schedule of pulsed oxygen/substrate supply extended to a 30-m aquifer length resulted in a 20-m bioreactive zone and in a 96% CF removal.
2012
Application of the growth substrate pulsed feeding technique to a process of chloroform aerobic cometabolism in a continuous-flow sand-filled reactor / D. Frascari; M. Cappelletti; S. Fedi; A. Verboschi; R. Ciavarelli; M. Nocentini; D. Pinelli. - In: PROCESS BIOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1359-5113. - STAMPA. - 47:(2012), pp. 1656-1664. [10.1016/j.procbio.2011.08.019]
D. Frascari; M. Cappelletti; S. Fedi; A. Verboschi; R. Ciavarelli; M. Nocentini; D. Pinelli
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/121422
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