Diagnosis of B-non Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) is based on clinical, morphological and immunohistochemi-cal features. However, in up to 10-15% of cases, analysis of immunoglobulin heavy (IGH) or light (IGK/IGL) chains genes is required to discriminate between malignant and reactive lymphoid proliferations. In this study, we evaluated the feasibility and efficiency of IGK analysis in the routine diagnostic of B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders (B-LD) when applied to formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues. Clonality patterns were studied in 59 B-LD using the BIOMED-2 protocol for IGK assays, after failure of the IGH assay. PCR products were evaluated by both heterodu-plex and GeneScan analysis. IGK analysis was technically successful in all cases. Overall, it supported the histopa-thological suspicion in 52/59 cases (88%), the sensitivity and specificity being 83% and 80%, respectively. Further, positive and negative predictive values were 95% and 50%, respectively. Interestingly, among various lymphoma subtypes, marginal zone lymphoma and follicular lymphoma most frequently required IGK analysis. In conclusion, IGK study according to the BIOMED-2 protocol resulted feasible and extremely useful in supporting challenging diagnosis of B-LD even if applied on FFPE samples. Accordingly, when NHL is suspected, negative results at IGH analysis should not be considered as conclusive and further investigation of IGK is appropriate

Use of IGK gene rearrangement analysis for clonality assessment of lymphoid malignancies: a single center experience.

GAZZOLA, ANNA;BACCI, FRANCESCO;SABATTINI, ELENA;SAGRAMOSO SACCHETTI, CARLO ALBERTO;ROSSI, MAURA;LAGINESTRA, MARIA ANTONELLA;SAPIENZA, MARIA ROSARIA;AGOSTINELLI, CLAUDIO;DE LEO, ANTONIO;RIGHI, SIMONA;DE BIASE, GIUSEPPE;PILERI, STEFANO;PICCALUGA, PIER PAOLO
2011

Abstract

Diagnosis of B-non Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) is based on clinical, morphological and immunohistochemi-cal features. However, in up to 10-15% of cases, analysis of immunoglobulin heavy (IGH) or light (IGK/IGL) chains genes is required to discriminate between malignant and reactive lymphoid proliferations. In this study, we evaluated the feasibility and efficiency of IGK analysis in the routine diagnostic of B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders (B-LD) when applied to formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues. Clonality patterns were studied in 59 B-LD using the BIOMED-2 protocol for IGK assays, after failure of the IGH assay. PCR products were evaluated by both heterodu-plex and GeneScan analysis. IGK analysis was technically successful in all cases. Overall, it supported the histopa-thological suspicion in 52/59 cases (88%), the sensitivity and specificity being 83% and 80%, respectively. Further, positive and negative predictive values were 95% and 50%, respectively. Interestingly, among various lymphoma subtypes, marginal zone lymphoma and follicular lymphoma most frequently required IGK analysis. In conclusion, IGK study according to the BIOMED-2 protocol resulted feasible and extremely useful in supporting challenging diagnosis of B-LD even if applied on FFPE samples. Accordingly, when NHL is suspected, negative results at IGH analysis should not be considered as conclusive and further investigation of IGK is appropriate
Mannu C.; Gazzola A.; Bacci F.; Sabattini E.; Sagramoso C.; Roncolato F.; Rossi M.; Laginestra M.A.; Sapienza M.R.; Agostinelli C.; De Leo A.; Piccioli M.; Righi S.; Artioli P.; Chilli L.; Da Pozzo G.; De Biase G.; Sandri F.; Pileri S.A.; Piccaluga P.P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/120980
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