In the olfactory system of vertebrates, neurogenesis occurs throughout life. The regenerating activities of the olfactory receptor neurons are connected to particular glial cells in the olfactory pathway: the olfactory ensheathing cells. A considerable number of studies are available in literature regarding mammalian olfactory ensheathing cells; this is due to their potential role in cell-based therapy for spinal cord injury repair. But very little is known about these cells in non-mammalian vertebrates. In this study we examined the immunocytochemical characteristics of the olfactory ensheathing cells in fish, which provide a good model for the study of glial cells in the olfactory pathway of non-mammalian vertebrates. Paraffin sections from decalcified heads of Poecilia reticulata (microsmatic fish) and Carassius auratus (macrosmatic fish) were processed to immunocytochemically detect ensheathing cell markers used in research on mammals: GFAP, S100, NCAM, PSA-NCAM, vimentin, p75NTR and galectin-1. GFAP, S100 and NCAM were clearly detected in both fish, though the intracranial tract of the primary olfactory pathway of Carassius appears more S100 stained than the extracranial tract. P75NTR staining is more evident in Poecilia, PSA-NCAM positivity in Carassius. A slight vimentin immunostaining was detected only in Carassius. No galectin-1 staining appeared in the olfactory pathways of either fish. This study shows that some markers for mammalian olfactory ensheathing cells also stain the olfactory pathway in fish. Immunocytochemical staining differs in the two fish under examination, even along the various tracts of the olfactory pathway in the same species.

Immunocytochemical characterization of olfactory ensheathing cells in fish

LAZZARI, MAURIZIO;BETTINI, SIMONE;FRANCESCHINI, VALERIA
2013

Abstract

In the olfactory system of vertebrates, neurogenesis occurs throughout life. The regenerating activities of the olfactory receptor neurons are connected to particular glial cells in the olfactory pathway: the olfactory ensheathing cells. A considerable number of studies are available in literature regarding mammalian olfactory ensheathing cells; this is due to their potential role in cell-based therapy for spinal cord injury repair. But very little is known about these cells in non-mammalian vertebrates. In this study we examined the immunocytochemical characteristics of the olfactory ensheathing cells in fish, which provide a good model for the study of glial cells in the olfactory pathway of non-mammalian vertebrates. Paraffin sections from decalcified heads of Poecilia reticulata (microsmatic fish) and Carassius auratus (macrosmatic fish) were processed to immunocytochemically detect ensheathing cell markers used in research on mammals: GFAP, S100, NCAM, PSA-NCAM, vimentin, p75NTR and galectin-1. GFAP, S100 and NCAM were clearly detected in both fish, though the intracranial tract of the primary olfactory pathway of Carassius appears more S100 stained than the extracranial tract. P75NTR staining is more evident in Poecilia, PSA-NCAM positivity in Carassius. A slight vimentin immunostaining was detected only in Carassius. No galectin-1 staining appeared in the olfactory pathways of either fish. This study shows that some markers for mammalian olfactory ensheathing cells also stain the olfactory pathway in fish. Immunocytochemical staining differs in the two fish under examination, even along the various tracts of the olfactory pathway in the same species.
LAZZARI M.; BETTINI S.; FRANCESCHINI V
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/120261
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