It has been reported that ATP inhibits or stimulates lymphoid cell proliferation depending on the cellular subset analyzed. In this study, we show that ATP exerts strikingly opposite effects on anti-CD3/CD28-activated and regulatory CD4(+) T cells (T(regs)), based on nucleotide concentration. We demonstrate that physiological concentrations of extracellular ATP (1-50 nM) do not affect activated CD4(+) T cells and T(regs). Conversely, higher ATP concentrations have a bimodal effect on activated CD4(+) T cells. Whereas 250 nM ATP stimulates proliferation, cytokine release, expression of adhesion molecules, and adhesion, 1 mM ATP induces apoptosis and inhibits activated CD4(+) T cell functions. The expression analysis and pharmacological profile of purinergic P2 receptors for extracellular nucleotides suggest that activated CD4(+) T cells are induced to apoptosis via the upregulation and engagement of P2X7R and P2X4R. On the contrary, 1 mM ATP enhances proliferation, adhesion, migration, via P2Y2R activation, and immunosuppressive ability of T(regs). Similar results were obtained when activated CD4(+) T cells and T(regs) were exposed to ATP released by necrotized leukemic cells. Taken together, our results show that different concentrations of extracellular ATP modulate CD4(+) T cells according to their activated/regulatory status. Because extracellular ATP concentration highly increases in fast-growing tumors or hyperinflamed tissues, the manipulation of purinergic signaling might represent a new therapeutic target to shift the balance between activated CD4(+) T cells and T(regs).

Extracellular ATP exerts opposite effects on activated and regulatory CD4 + T cells via purinergic P2 receptor activation

TRABANELLI, SARA;OCADLIKOVA, DARINA;GULINELLI, SARA;CURTI, ANTONIO;SALVESTRINI, VALENTINA;LEMOLI, ROBERTO MASSIMO
2012

Abstract

It has been reported that ATP inhibits or stimulates lymphoid cell proliferation depending on the cellular subset analyzed. In this study, we show that ATP exerts strikingly opposite effects on anti-CD3/CD28-activated and regulatory CD4(+) T cells (T(regs)), based on nucleotide concentration. We demonstrate that physiological concentrations of extracellular ATP (1-50 nM) do not affect activated CD4(+) T cells and T(regs). Conversely, higher ATP concentrations have a bimodal effect on activated CD4(+) T cells. Whereas 250 nM ATP stimulates proliferation, cytokine release, expression of adhesion molecules, and adhesion, 1 mM ATP induces apoptosis and inhibits activated CD4(+) T cell functions. The expression analysis and pharmacological profile of purinergic P2 receptors for extracellular nucleotides suggest that activated CD4(+) T cells are induced to apoptosis via the upregulation and engagement of P2X7R and P2X4R. On the contrary, 1 mM ATP enhances proliferation, adhesion, migration, via P2Y2R activation, and immunosuppressive ability of T(regs). Similar results were obtained when activated CD4(+) T cells and T(regs) were exposed to ATP released by necrotized leukemic cells. Taken together, our results show that different concentrations of extracellular ATP modulate CD4(+) T cells according to their activated/regulatory status. Because extracellular ATP concentration highly increases in fast-growing tumors or hyperinflamed tissues, the manipulation of purinergic signaling might represent a new therapeutic target to shift the balance between activated CD4(+) T cells and T(regs).
Trabanelli S; Ocadlíková D;Gulinelli S;Curti A;Salvestrini V; de Paula Vieira R;Idzko M;Di Virgilio F; Ferrari D;Lemoli R.M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/119859
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