The clinical spectrum of epilepsy related to celiac disease (CD) ranges from benign syndromes to intractable epilepsy with evolution to a severe encephalopathy, including progressive myoclonic epilepsy (PME). A more specific syndrome characterised by the association of CD, epilepsy, and occipital calcifications (CEC) has also been reported. This study describes the clinical, neuroradiological and neurophysiological features of eight consecutive epileptic patients with a diagnosis of CD confirmed by laboratory tests and duodenal biopsy, referring to our Epilepsy Centre. Despite its small size, this series reflects the broad spectrum of the association between the two diseases, since it includes four cases of CEC and a more heterogeneous group of patients without cerebral calcifications comprising one case of limbic encephalitis and a case of PME. Our cohort suggests that more complex pathogenic mechanisms may be involved in the association between epilepsy and CD, and that CD should be included in the screening for PME etiology. Our data also confirm the major involvement of the occipital lobe, and minimise both the importance of calcifications in epileptogenesis and folic acid deficit in the development of calcifications.

Epilepsy in coeliac disease: not just a matter of calcifications.

LICCHETTA, LAURA;BISULLI, FRANCESCA;LA MORGIA, CHIARA;VOLTA, UMBERTO;TINUPER, PAOLO
2011

Abstract

The clinical spectrum of epilepsy related to celiac disease (CD) ranges from benign syndromes to intractable epilepsy with evolution to a severe encephalopathy, including progressive myoclonic epilepsy (PME). A more specific syndrome characterised by the association of CD, epilepsy, and occipital calcifications (CEC) has also been reported. This study describes the clinical, neuroradiological and neurophysiological features of eight consecutive epileptic patients with a diagnosis of CD confirmed by laboratory tests and duodenal biopsy, referring to our Epilepsy Centre. Despite its small size, this series reflects the broad spectrum of the association between the two diseases, since it includes four cases of CEC and a more heterogeneous group of patients without cerebral calcifications comprising one case of limbic encephalitis and a case of PME. Our cohort suggests that more complex pathogenic mechanisms may be involved in the association between epilepsy and CD, and that CD should be included in the screening for PME etiology. Our data also confirm the major involvement of the occipital lobe, and minimise both the importance of calcifications in epileptogenesis and folic acid deficit in the development of calcifications.
Licchetta L.; Bisulli F.; Di Vito L.; La Morgia C.; Naldi I.; Volta U.; Tinuper P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/119544
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