Study Objective To estimate the effect of combined oral contraceptives (COCs) in women with deep infiltrating endometriosis. Design Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). Setting Tertiary care university hospital. Patients One hundred six women with uncomplicated posterior deep infiltrating endometriosis scheduled to undergo laparoscopic surgery between November 2004 and November 2009. Interventions During the waiting-list time, between surgical scheduling and laparoscopic intervention (preoperative period), 75 patients received cyclic COCs (users), and 31 received no hormone therapy (COC nonusers). Measurements and Main Results Patients had undergone 2 clinical examinations, at surgical scheduling and immediately before surgery. Presence and intensity of dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, chronic pelvic pain, and dyschezia were evaluated using a 10-point visual analog scale (VAS) (primary outcome). In both examinations, patients underwent transvaginal ultrasonography to evaluate localization and mean diameter of endometriotic nodules. Quality of life was evaluated using the Short Form-36 (SF-36) score. Mean (SD) nodule diameter at the beginning and end of the preoperative period in COC users was, respectively, 24.81 (15.13) mm and 26.66 (15.5) mm (p = .09), and in the nonuser group was, respectively, 23.09 (11.11) mm and 30.89 (19.1) mm (p = .007). In COC users, VAS scores for dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, chronic pelvic pain, and dyschezia did not vary significantly during the preoperative period (p = .90, p = .55, p = .15, and p = .17, respectively). In nonusers, VAS scores for dysmenorrhea and dyspareunia were significantly higher at the second examination than at the first examination (p = .002 and p = .005, respectively), whereas scores for chronic pelvic pain and dyschezia did not vary during the preoperative period (p = .88 and p = .16, respectively). The Short Form-36 total score did not vary significantly during the preoperative period in either the COC user group (p = .82) or the nonusers group (p = .76). Conclusions Combined oral contraceptive therapy can have a role in restraining the progression of dysmenorrhea and dyspareunia and the growth of deep endometriotic nodules

Combined Oral Contraceptive Therapy in Women with Posterior Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis

GERACI, ELISA;MONTANARI, GIULIA;FERRINI, GIULIA;RAIMONDO, DIEGO;ALVISI, STEFANIA;PARADISI, ROBERTO;VILLA, GIOIA;SERACCHIOLI, RENATO
2011

Abstract

Study Objective To estimate the effect of combined oral contraceptives (COCs) in women with deep infiltrating endometriosis. Design Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). Setting Tertiary care university hospital. Patients One hundred six women with uncomplicated posterior deep infiltrating endometriosis scheduled to undergo laparoscopic surgery between November 2004 and November 2009. Interventions During the waiting-list time, between surgical scheduling and laparoscopic intervention (preoperative period), 75 patients received cyclic COCs (users), and 31 received no hormone therapy (COC nonusers). Measurements and Main Results Patients had undergone 2 clinical examinations, at surgical scheduling and immediately before surgery. Presence and intensity of dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, chronic pelvic pain, and dyschezia were evaluated using a 10-point visual analog scale (VAS) (primary outcome). In both examinations, patients underwent transvaginal ultrasonography to evaluate localization and mean diameter of endometriotic nodules. Quality of life was evaluated using the Short Form-36 (SF-36) score. Mean (SD) nodule diameter at the beginning and end of the preoperative period in COC users was, respectively, 24.81 (15.13) mm and 26.66 (15.5) mm (p = .09), and in the nonuser group was, respectively, 23.09 (11.11) mm and 30.89 (19.1) mm (p = .007). In COC users, VAS scores for dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, chronic pelvic pain, and dyschezia did not vary significantly during the preoperative period (p = .90, p = .55, p = .15, and p = .17, respectively). In nonusers, VAS scores for dysmenorrhea and dyspareunia were significantly higher at the second examination than at the first examination (p = .002 and p = .005, respectively), whereas scores for chronic pelvic pain and dyschezia did not vary during the preoperative period (p = .88 and p = .16, respectively). The Short Form-36 total score did not vary significantly during the preoperative period in either the COC user group (p = .82) or the nonusers group (p = .76). Conclusions Combined oral contraceptive therapy can have a role in restraining the progression of dysmenorrhea and dyspareunia and the growth of deep endometriotic nodules
M. Mabrouk; C Frascà; E. Geraci; G. Montanari; G. Ferrini; D. Raimondo; S. Alvisi; R. Paradisi; G. Villa; R. Seracchioli.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/118419
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