Methods: A dental unit water system simulation device equipped with 4 dental unit water systems and with naturally grown and mature biofilm contamination was used in this study (3 treatment units and 1 control). One treatment group used a simulated 5 minutes contact with TAED perborate and sterile water for irrigation; the second used a simulated 5 minutes contact with TAED perborate and 2 ppm ClO2 for irrigation; the third used a simulated 5 minutes contact with TAED perborate and municipal water for irrigation; The control group used municipal water for irrigation with no cleaning/disinfection protocols. This protocol was repeated for 30 cycles. Laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) was used to study the effects on natural and mature biofilms, and R2A agar used to quantify heterotrophic plate counts in the effluent irrigant. Antimicrobial efficacy was evaluated by challenging TAED perborate with microbes and spores (M. smegmatis and B. subtilis). Deleterious effects of the germicide were evaluated on metal and nonmetal parts of dental unit water systems. Heterotrophic plate counts using R2A agar, and LSCM of the lines were conducted to assess biofilm and microbial control. Results: Baseline water samples showed mean contamination >5.6 log10 cfu/ml. After initial cleaning, all three groups maintained mean contamination levels of less than 1.1 (SD <0.3) log10 cfu/ml. LSCM of baseline samples was positive for live biofilm in all groups. At the end of the study, viable biofilm was only present in the control. In the microbial challenge test, all vegetative organisms were killed within 30 seconds of contact, while spores were killed within 5 minutes. Corrosion was seen in metals used in US manufactured dental unit materials, while none observed in those used in the Castellini Logos Jr dental unit.

Evaluation of an Automated Dental Unit Water System's Contamination Control Protocol

MONTEBUGNOLI, LUCIO;
2012

Abstract

Methods: A dental unit water system simulation device equipped with 4 dental unit water systems and with naturally grown and mature biofilm contamination was used in this study (3 treatment units and 1 control). One treatment group used a simulated 5 minutes contact with TAED perborate and sterile water for irrigation; the second used a simulated 5 minutes contact with TAED perborate and 2 ppm ClO2 for irrigation; the third used a simulated 5 minutes contact with TAED perborate and municipal water for irrigation; The control group used municipal water for irrigation with no cleaning/disinfection protocols. This protocol was repeated for 30 cycles. Laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) was used to study the effects on natural and mature biofilms, and R2A agar used to quantify heterotrophic plate counts in the effluent irrigant. Antimicrobial efficacy was evaluated by challenging TAED perborate with microbes and spores (M. smegmatis and B. subtilis). Deleterious effects of the germicide were evaluated on metal and nonmetal parts of dental unit water systems. Heterotrophic plate counts using R2A agar, and LSCM of the lines were conducted to assess biofilm and microbial control. Results: Baseline water samples showed mean contamination >5.6 log10 cfu/ml. After initial cleaning, all three groups maintained mean contamination levels of less than 1.1 (SD <0.3) log10 cfu/ml. LSCM of baseline samples was positive for live biofilm in all groups. At the end of the study, viable biofilm was only present in the control. In the microbial challenge test, all vegetative organisms were killed within 30 seconds of contact, while spores were killed within 5 minutes. Corrosion was seen in metals used in US manufactured dental unit materials, while none observed in those used in the Castellini Logos Jr dental unit.
JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY DENTAL PRACTICE
Puttaiah R.; Svoboda KKh.; Lin SM.; Montebugnoli L.; Dolci G.; Spratt D.; Siebert J.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/116410
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