Oncolytic herpes simplex viruses (HSVs) represent a novel frontier against tumors resistant to standard therapies, like glioblastoma (GBM). The oncolytic HSVs that entered clinical trials so far showed encouraging results; however, they are marred by the fact that they are highly attenuated. We engineered HSVs that maintain unimpaired lytic efficacy and specifically target cells that express tumor-specific receptors, thus limiting the cytotoxicity only to cancer cells, and leaving unharmed the neighboring tissues. We report on the safety and efficacy in a high-grade glioma (HGG) model of R-LM113, an HSV recombinant retargeted to human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), frequently expressed in GBMs. We demonstrated that R-LM113 is safe in vivo as it does not cause encephalitis when intracranially injected in nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficient (NOD/SCID) mice, extremely sensitive to wild-type HSV. The efficacy of R-LM113 was assessed in a platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced infiltrative glioma model engineered to express HER2 and transplanted intracranially in adult NOD/SCID mice. Mice injected with HER2-engineered glioma cells infected with R-LM113 showed a doubled survival time compared with mice injected with uninfected cells. A doubling in survival time from the beginning of treatment was obtained also when R-LM113 was administered into already established tumors. These data demonstrate the efficacy of R-LM113 in thwarting tumor growth.

Replication-competent herpes simplex virus retargeted to HER2 as therapy for high-grade glioma

GATTA, VALENTINA;MENOTTI, LAURA;
2012

Abstract

Oncolytic herpes simplex viruses (HSVs) represent a novel frontier against tumors resistant to standard therapies, like glioblastoma (GBM). The oncolytic HSVs that entered clinical trials so far showed encouraging results; however, they are marred by the fact that they are highly attenuated. We engineered HSVs that maintain unimpaired lytic efficacy and specifically target cells that express tumor-specific receptors, thus limiting the cytotoxicity only to cancer cells, and leaving unharmed the neighboring tissues. We report on the safety and efficacy in a high-grade glioma (HGG) model of R-LM113, an HSV recombinant retargeted to human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), frequently expressed in GBMs. We demonstrated that R-LM113 is safe in vivo as it does not cause encephalitis when intracranially injected in nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficient (NOD/SCID) mice, extremely sensitive to wild-type HSV. The efficacy of R-LM113 was assessed in a platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced infiltrative glioma model engineered to express HER2 and transplanted intracranially in adult NOD/SCID mice. Mice injected with HER2-engineered glioma cells infected with R-LM113 showed a doubled survival time compared with mice injected with uninfected cells. A doubling in survival time from the beginning of treatment was obtained also when R-LM113 was administered into already established tumors. These data demonstrate the efficacy of R-LM113 in thwarting tumor growth.
2012
Gambini E.; Reisoli E.; Appolloni I.; Gatta V.; Campadelli-Fiume G.; Menotti L.; Malatesta P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/113869
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