The ability to induce changes in cell membrane properties is nowadays considered an additional mechanism to explain the pharmacological effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). We previously demonstrated that the NSAID Licofelone, a dual cyclooxygenase/5-lipoxygenase inhibitor, triggers apoptosis in HCA-7 colon cancer cells independently from the inhibition of these enzymes. Here, we provide evidence that, in HCA-7 cells, the pro-apoptotic effect of this drug relies, at least in part, on its ability to inhibit epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signalling by a decrease of cell membrane fluidity. Indeed, Licofelone induced a relevant change in the relative proportions of some saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids constituting HCA-7 phospholipid fraction, and significantly increased the levels of cholesterol in HCA-7 cell membrane. All of these changes resulted in a remarkable decrease of membrane fluidity. Such phenomenon was associated with the block of EGFR kinase activity and of its downstream targets, the p44-42 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and AKT cascades, whose inhibitions were found to induce apoptosis in HCA-7 cells. Overall, these findings provide a new additional mechanism by which NSAIDs are effective toward colon cancer cells.

The decrease of cell membrane fluidity by the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug Licofelone inhibits epidermal growth factor receptor signalling and triggers apoptosis in HCA-7 colon cancer cells.

TAVOLARI, SIMONA;MUNARINI, ALESSANDRA;STORCI, GIANLUCA;CHIECO, PASQUALE;GUARNIERI, TIZIANA
2012

Abstract

The ability to induce changes in cell membrane properties is nowadays considered an additional mechanism to explain the pharmacological effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). We previously demonstrated that the NSAID Licofelone, a dual cyclooxygenase/5-lipoxygenase inhibitor, triggers apoptosis in HCA-7 colon cancer cells independently from the inhibition of these enzymes. Here, we provide evidence that, in HCA-7 cells, the pro-apoptotic effect of this drug relies, at least in part, on its ability to inhibit epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signalling by a decrease of cell membrane fluidity. Indeed, Licofelone induced a relevant change in the relative proportions of some saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids constituting HCA-7 phospholipid fraction, and significantly increased the levels of cholesterol in HCA-7 cell membrane. All of these changes resulted in a remarkable decrease of membrane fluidity. Such phenomenon was associated with the block of EGFR kinase activity and of its downstream targets, the p44-42 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and AKT cascades, whose inhibitions were found to induce apoptosis in HCA-7 cells. Overall, these findings provide a new additional mechanism by which NSAIDs are effective toward colon cancer cells.
Tavolari S; Munarini A; Storci G; Laufer S; Chieco P; Guarnieri T.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/113266
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 10
  • Scopus 34
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 32
social impact