Whole-cell bioluminescent (BL) bioreporter technology is a useful analytical tool for developing biosensors for environmental toxicology and preclinical studies. However, when applied to real samples, several methodological problems prevent it from being widely used. Here, we propose a methodological approach for improving its analytical performance with complex matrix. We developed bioluminescent Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae bioreporters for copper ion detection. In the same cell, we introduced two firefly luciferases requiring the same luciferin substrate emitting at different wavelengths. The expression of one was copper ion specific. The other, constitutively expressed, was used as a cell viability internal control. Engineered BL cells were characterized using the noninvasive gravitational field-flow fractionation (GrFFF) technique. Homogeneous cell population was isolated. Cells were then immobilized in a polymeric matrix improving cell responsiveness. The bioassay was performed in 384-well black polystyrene microtiter plates directly on the sample. After 2 h of incubation at 37 °C and the addition of the luciferin, we measured the emitted light. These dual-color bioreporters showed more robustness and a wider dynamic range than bioassays based on the same strains with a single reporter gene and that uses a separate cell strain as BL control. The internal correction allowed to accurately evaluate the copper content even in simulated toxic samples, where reduced cell viability was observed. Homogenous cells isolated by GrFFF showed improvement in method reproducibility, particularly for yeast cells. The applicability of these bioreporters to real samples was demonstrated in tap water and wastewater treatment plant effluent samples spiked with copper and other metal ions.

Analytical strategies for improving the robustness and reproducibility of bioluminescent microbial bioreporters / Roda A.; Roda B.; Cevenini L.; Michelini E.; Mezzanotte L.; Reschiglian P.; Hakkila K.; Virta M.. - In: ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1618-2642. - STAMPA. - 401:(2011), pp. 201-211. [10.1007/s00216-011-5091-3]

Analytical strategies for improving the robustness and reproducibility of bioluminescent microbial bioreporters

RODA, ALDO;RODA, BARBARA;CEVENINI, LUCA;MICHELINI, ELISA;MEZZANOTTE, LAURA;RESCHIGLIAN, PIERLUIGI;
2011

Abstract

Whole-cell bioluminescent (BL) bioreporter technology is a useful analytical tool for developing biosensors for environmental toxicology and preclinical studies. However, when applied to real samples, several methodological problems prevent it from being widely used. Here, we propose a methodological approach for improving its analytical performance with complex matrix. We developed bioluminescent Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae bioreporters for copper ion detection. In the same cell, we introduced two firefly luciferases requiring the same luciferin substrate emitting at different wavelengths. The expression of one was copper ion specific. The other, constitutively expressed, was used as a cell viability internal control. Engineered BL cells were characterized using the noninvasive gravitational field-flow fractionation (GrFFF) technique. Homogeneous cell population was isolated. Cells were then immobilized in a polymeric matrix improving cell responsiveness. The bioassay was performed in 384-well black polystyrene microtiter plates directly on the sample. After 2 h of incubation at 37 °C and the addition of the luciferin, we measured the emitted light. These dual-color bioreporters showed more robustness and a wider dynamic range than bioassays based on the same strains with a single reporter gene and that uses a separate cell strain as BL control. The internal correction allowed to accurately evaluate the copper content even in simulated toxic samples, where reduced cell viability was observed. Homogenous cells isolated by GrFFF showed improvement in method reproducibility, particularly for yeast cells. The applicability of these bioreporters to real samples was demonstrated in tap water and wastewater treatment plant effluent samples spiked with copper and other metal ions.
2011
Analytical strategies for improving the robustness and reproducibility of bioluminescent microbial bioreporters / Roda A.; Roda B.; Cevenini L.; Michelini E.; Mezzanotte L.; Reschiglian P.; Hakkila K.; Virta M.. - In: ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1618-2642. - STAMPA. - 401:(2011), pp. 201-211. [10.1007/s00216-011-5091-3]
Roda A.; Roda B.; Cevenini L.; Michelini E.; Mezzanotte L.; Reschiglian P.; Hakkila K.; Virta M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/112549
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