We consider a new approach to deal with non ignorable non response on an outcome variable, in a causal inference framework. Assuming that a binary instrumental variable for non response is available, we provide a likelihoodbased approach to identify and estimate heterogeneous causal effects of a binary treatment on specific latent subgroups of units, named principal strata, defined by the non response behavior under each level of the treatment and of the instrument. We show that, within each stratum, non response is ignorable and respondents can be properly compared by treatment status. In order to assess our method and its robustness when the usually invoked assumptions are relaxed or misspecified, we simulate data to resemble a real experiment conducted on a panel survey which compares different methods of reducing panel attrition.

Estimation of causal effects in latent strata with an encouragement for response / Roli G.; Mealli F.; Pacini B.. - In: COMMUNICATIONS IN STATISTICS. THEORY AND METHODS. - ISSN 0361-0926. - STAMPA. - 41: 16-17:(2012), pp. 3150-3161. [10.1080/03610926.2011.587628]

Estimation of causal effects in latent strata with an encouragement for response

ROLI, GIULIA;PACINI, BARBARA
2012

Abstract

We consider a new approach to deal with non ignorable non response on an outcome variable, in a causal inference framework. Assuming that a binary instrumental variable for non response is available, we provide a likelihoodbased approach to identify and estimate heterogeneous causal effects of a binary treatment on specific latent subgroups of units, named principal strata, defined by the non response behavior under each level of the treatment and of the instrument. We show that, within each stratum, non response is ignorable and respondents can be properly compared by treatment status. In order to assess our method and its robustness when the usually invoked assumptions are relaxed or misspecified, we simulate data to resemble a real experiment conducted on a panel survey which compares different methods of reducing panel attrition.
2012
Estimation of causal effects in latent strata with an encouragement for response / Roli G.; Mealli F.; Pacini B.. - In: COMMUNICATIONS IN STATISTICS. THEORY AND METHODS. - ISSN 0361-0926. - STAMPA. - 41: 16-17:(2012), pp. 3150-3161. [10.1080/03610926.2011.587628]
Roli G.; Mealli F.; Pacini B.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/112000
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