Cytochrome (cyt) b(561) proteins are dihaem-containing membrane proteins, belonging to the CYBASC (cytochrome-b(561)-ascorbate-reducible) family, and are proposed to be involved in ascorbate recycling and/or the facilitation of iron absorption. Here, we present the heterologous production of two cyt b(561) paralogs from Arabidopsis thaliana (Acytb(561)-A, Acytb(561)-B) in Escherichia coli and Pichia pastoris, their purification, and initial characterisation. Spectra indicated that Acytb(561)-A resembles the best characterised member of the CYBASC family, the cytochrome b(561) from adrenomedullary chromaffin vesicles, and that Acytb(561)-B is atypical compared to other CYBASC proteins. Haem oxidation-reduction midpoint potential (E(M)) values were found to be fully consistent with ascorbate oxidation activities and Fe(3+)-chelates reductase activities. The ascorbate dependent reduction and protein stability of both paralogs were found to be sensitive to alkaline pH values as reported for the cytochrome b(561) from chromaffin vesicles. For both paralogs, ascorbate-dependent reduction was inhibited and the low-potential haem E(M) values were affected significantly by incubation with diethyl pyrocarbonate (DEPC) in the absence of ascorbate. Modification with DEPC in the presence of ascorbate left the haem E(M) values unaltered compared to the unmodified proteins. However, ascorbate reduction was inhibited. We concluded that the ascorbate-binding site is located near the low-potential haem with the Fe(3+)-chelates reduction-site close to the high-potential haem. Furthermore, inhibition of ascorbate oxidation by DEPC treatment occurs not only by lowering the haem E(M) values but also by an additional modification affecting ascorbate binding and/or electron transfer. Analytical gel filtration experiments suggest that both cyt b(561) paralogs exist as homodimers.

Heterologous production and characterisation of two distinct dihaem-containing membrane integral cytochrome b(561) enzymes from Arabidopsis thaliana in Pichia pastoris and Escherichia coli cells

TROST, PAOLO BERNARDO;
2012

Abstract

Cytochrome (cyt) b(561) proteins are dihaem-containing membrane proteins, belonging to the CYBASC (cytochrome-b(561)-ascorbate-reducible) family, and are proposed to be involved in ascorbate recycling and/or the facilitation of iron absorption. Here, we present the heterologous production of two cyt b(561) paralogs from Arabidopsis thaliana (Acytb(561)-A, Acytb(561)-B) in Escherichia coli and Pichia pastoris, their purification, and initial characterisation. Spectra indicated that Acytb(561)-A resembles the best characterised member of the CYBASC family, the cytochrome b(561) from adrenomedullary chromaffin vesicles, and that Acytb(561)-B is atypical compared to other CYBASC proteins. Haem oxidation-reduction midpoint potential (E(M)) values were found to be fully consistent with ascorbate oxidation activities and Fe(3+)-chelates reductase activities. The ascorbate dependent reduction and protein stability of both paralogs were found to be sensitive to alkaline pH values as reported for the cytochrome b(561) from chromaffin vesicles. For both paralogs, ascorbate-dependent reduction was inhibited and the low-potential haem E(M) values were affected significantly by incubation with diethyl pyrocarbonate (DEPC) in the absence of ascorbate. Modification with DEPC in the presence of ascorbate left the haem E(M) values unaltered compared to the unmodified proteins. However, ascorbate reduction was inhibited. We concluded that the ascorbate-binding site is located near the low-potential haem with the Fe(3+)-chelates reduction-site close to the high-potential haem. Furthermore, inhibition of ascorbate oxidation by DEPC treatment occurs not only by lowering the haem E(M) values but also by an additional modification affecting ascorbate binding and/or electron transfer. Analytical gel filtration experiments suggest that both cyt b(561) paralogs exist as homodimers.
Cenacchi L.; Busch M.; Schleidt P.G.; Müller F.G.; Stumpp T.V.; Mäntele W.; Trost P.; Lancaster C.R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/110737
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