Cognitive Radio (CR) technology constitutes a promising approach to increase the capacity of Wireless Mesh Networks (WMNs). Using this technology, Mesh Routers (MRs) and the attached Mesh Clients (MCs) are allowed to opportunistically transmit on the licensed band, but under the constraint not to interfere with the Primary Users (PUs) of the spectrum. Thus, the effective deployment of CR- WMNs require that each MR must be able to: sense the current spectrum, select an available PU-free channel and perform the spectrum handoff to a new channel in case of PU arrival on the current one. How to coordinate these actions in the optimal way which maximizes the performance of the CR-WMNs while minimizing the interference to the PUs constitutes an open research issue in CR systems. In this paper, we propose an adaptive spectrum scheduling and allocation scheme which allows a MR to identify the best schedule of (i) when to sense the current channel, (ii) when to transmit, (iii) when to perform a spectrum handoff. Due the large number of parameters involved, we propose Reinforcement Learning (RL) techniques to allow a MR to learn by itself the optimal balance between spectrum sensing-exploitation- exploration actions based on network feedbacks coming from the MCs. We perform extensive simulations which confirm the adaptivity and efficiency of our approach in terms of increased throughput when compared with non-learning based schemes for CR-WMNs.

Adaptive Sensing Scheduling and Spectrum Selection in Cognitive Wireless Mesh Networks

DI FELICE, MARCO;BONONI, LUCIANO
2011

Abstract

Cognitive Radio (CR) technology constitutes a promising approach to increase the capacity of Wireless Mesh Networks (WMNs). Using this technology, Mesh Routers (MRs) and the attached Mesh Clients (MCs) are allowed to opportunistically transmit on the licensed band, but under the constraint not to interfere with the Primary Users (PUs) of the spectrum. Thus, the effective deployment of CR- WMNs require that each MR must be able to: sense the current spectrum, select an available PU-free channel and perform the spectrum handoff to a new channel in case of PU arrival on the current one. How to coordinate these actions in the optimal way which maximizes the performance of the CR-WMNs while minimizing the interference to the PUs constitutes an open research issue in CR systems. In this paper, we propose an adaptive spectrum scheduling and allocation scheme which allows a MR to identify the best schedule of (i) when to sense the current channel, (ii) when to transmit, (iii) when to perform a spectrum handoff. Due the large number of parameters involved, we propose Reinforcement Learning (RL) techniques to allow a MR to learn by itself the optimal balance between spectrum sensing-exploitation- exploration actions based on network feedbacks coming from the MCs. We perform extensive simulations which confirm the adaptivity and efficiency of our approach in terms of increased throughput when compared with non-learning based schemes for CR-WMNs.
2011 Proceedings of 20th International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks (ICCCN 2011)
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Di Felice M.; Chowdhury K.R.; Kassler A.; Bononi L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/109482
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