The aim of the work was to produce a delivery system for Silybum Marianum dry extract with enhanced oral bioavailability by combining two technologies (mechanochemical activation and spray congealing). Initially, the active was coground with sodium croscarmellose in a planetary mill in order to reach an activated state more prone to dissolution. DSC, XRD, FT-IR and LD analyses showed the formation of nanosized particles of dry extract, with reduced degree of crystallinity of the main crystalline flavolignans (silybine A and B). Then, microparticles containing the activated coground and, as comparison, the corresponding physical mixture of extract and polymer and the dry extract alone were produced by spray congealing technology using Gelucire (R) 50/13 as a hydrophilic low m.p. carrier. Microparticles containing the activated coground were produced spherical in shape, achieved satisfactory yield and high encapsulation efficiency. These microparticles, in addition to a favourable in vitro solubilisation kinetic, in a preliminary in vivo study in five rats demonstrated their ability to improve very significantly the oral bioavailability of the main flavolignans of Silybum Marianum dry extract (silybin A and B). These results suggested that the association of mechanochemical activation and spray congealing could be considered an innovative and very useful approach to the oral delivery of Silybum Marianum. Furthermore, for the first time the possibility of successfully applying the spray congealing technology for the preparation of a herbal drug delivery system was shown.

A new approach to enhance oral bioavailability of Sylibum Marianum dry extract: Association of machanochemical activation and spray congealing

PASSERINI, NADIA;ALBERTINI, BEATRICE;
2012

Abstract

The aim of the work was to produce a delivery system for Silybum Marianum dry extract with enhanced oral bioavailability by combining two technologies (mechanochemical activation and spray congealing). Initially, the active was coground with sodium croscarmellose in a planetary mill in order to reach an activated state more prone to dissolution. DSC, XRD, FT-IR and LD analyses showed the formation of nanosized particles of dry extract, with reduced degree of crystallinity of the main crystalline flavolignans (silybine A and B). Then, microparticles containing the activated coground and, as comparison, the corresponding physical mixture of extract and polymer and the dry extract alone were produced by spray congealing technology using Gelucire (R) 50/13 as a hydrophilic low m.p. carrier. Microparticles containing the activated coground were produced spherical in shape, achieved satisfactory yield and high encapsulation efficiency. These microparticles, in addition to a favourable in vitro solubilisation kinetic, in a preliminary in vivo study in five rats demonstrated their ability to improve very significantly the oral bioavailability of the main flavolignans of Silybum Marianum dry extract (silybin A and B). These results suggested that the association of mechanochemical activation and spray congealing could be considered an innovative and very useful approach to the oral delivery of Silybum Marianum. Furthermore, for the first time the possibility of successfully applying the spray congealing technology for the preparation of a herbal drug delivery system was shown.
N.Passerini; B. Perissutti; B. Albertini; E. Franceschinis; D. Lenaz; D. Hasa; I. Locatelli; D. Voinovich
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/108997
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