PURPOSE: For bone regeneration therapy using stem cells, well-defined ex vivo protocols to expand mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC), as well as assays to show their potential differentiation into the osteogenic lineage, are needed. Aim of this study was to analyze the role of the biochemical osteogenic inducers, i.e. ascorbic acid, dexamethasone, and ß-glycerophosphate, employed in the current protocols for osteogenic differentiation of MSC in vitro, to address the requirements for reliable differentiation systems. METHODS: MSC were isolated from the bone marrow of donors (46-73 years of age) undergoing total hip replacement, and expanded in vitro. At confluence, MSC were cultured under four different conditions: α-MEM plus serum (basal medium or C1), basal medium plus ascorbate (C2), basal medium plus ascorbate and dexamethasone (C3), or basal medium plus ascorbate, dexamethasone and ß-glycerophosphate (C4). Morphology, proliferation, mineralization, alkaline phosphatase, collagen and expression of bone-related genes of MSC under the different media were analyzed at fixed time points. RESULTS: MSC proliferation and the number of colony forming units were increased by ascorbic acid, whereas dexamethasone enhanced the proportion of ALP-positive CFU and was critical for mineral deposition. Runx-2 and type I collagen gene expression decreased along with additive-induced MSC differentiation, i.e. from C1 to C4, while ALP and osteocalcin were differently regulated. CONCLUSION: Our findings support the role of different inducers on the sequential stages of MSC expansion and osteogenic differentiation in vitro, suggesting the addition of DEX following proliferation to ensure mineralization, as an index of in vivo osteogenic potency of human mesenchymal cells.

Effects of osteogenic differentiation inducers on in vitro expanded adult mesenchymal stromal cells.

BALDINI, NICOLA;
2011

Abstract

PURPOSE: For bone regeneration therapy using stem cells, well-defined ex vivo protocols to expand mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC), as well as assays to show their potential differentiation into the osteogenic lineage, are needed. Aim of this study was to analyze the role of the biochemical osteogenic inducers, i.e. ascorbic acid, dexamethasone, and ß-glycerophosphate, employed in the current protocols for osteogenic differentiation of MSC in vitro, to address the requirements for reliable differentiation systems. METHODS: MSC were isolated from the bone marrow of donors (46-73 years of age) undergoing total hip replacement, and expanded in vitro. At confluence, MSC were cultured under four different conditions: α-MEM plus serum (basal medium or C1), basal medium plus ascorbate (C2), basal medium plus ascorbate and dexamethasone (C3), or basal medium plus ascorbate, dexamethasone and ß-glycerophosphate (C4). Morphology, proliferation, mineralization, alkaline phosphatase, collagen and expression of bone-related genes of MSC under the different media were analyzed at fixed time points. RESULTS: MSC proliferation and the number of colony forming units were increased by ascorbic acid, whereas dexamethasone enhanced the proportion of ALP-positive CFU and was critical for mineral deposition. Runx-2 and type I collagen gene expression decreased along with additive-induced MSC differentiation, i.e. from C1 to C4, while ALP and osteocalcin were differently regulated. CONCLUSION: Our findings support the role of different inducers on the sequential stages of MSC expansion and osteogenic differentiation in vitro, suggesting the addition of DEX following proliferation to ensure mineralization, as an index of in vivo osteogenic potency of human mesenchymal cells.
Fiorentini E; Granchi D; Leonardi E; Baldini N; Ciapetti G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/108971
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