Migration, marital separation and gender roles. The case of female domestic workers in Italy Asher Colombo and Tiziana Caponio In a gender perspective, migration has been interpreted either as an event penalising women job careers, subordinated to that of their male partners, or as an opportunity of emancipation and gender roles’ redefinition. Two distinct figures are at the centre of these studies, i.e. the tied woman in the first case, and the female first migrant in the second. Far less attention has been devoted to how gender relations can be affected by the intersection of two particularly stressful life-course events as migration and marital separation. Even though a few studies have noticed a significant correlation between these two events in the lives of international migrants, implications in terms of gender roles redefinition appear contradictory. In this article we intend to contribute to the analysis of the intersection between migration, marital separation and gender relations on the basis of the analysis of 121 life histories of divorced or separated female domestic workers in Italy. By adopting a multidimensional perspective on gender relations, considering both women’s roles in the family (from mainly wife and mother to sole breadwinner) and gender models of reference (more oriented towards the traditional family or individual autonomy), we point out how the impact of the two events, i.e. migration and separation, is open-ended and can give way to different and unexpected paths of redefinition.

Migrazione, separazione coniugale e ruoli di genere. Il caso delle lavoratrici domestiche in Italia

COLOMBO, ASHER DANIEL;CAPONIO, TIZIANA
2011

Abstract

Migration, marital separation and gender roles. The case of female domestic workers in Italy Asher Colombo and Tiziana Caponio In a gender perspective, migration has been interpreted either as an event penalising women job careers, subordinated to that of their male partners, or as an opportunity of emancipation and gender roles’ redefinition. Two distinct figures are at the centre of these studies, i.e. the tied woman in the first case, and the female first migrant in the second. Far less attention has been devoted to how gender relations can be affected by the intersection of two particularly stressful life-course events as migration and marital separation. Even though a few studies have noticed a significant correlation between these two events in the lives of international migrants, implications in terms of gender roles redefinition appear contradictory. In this article we intend to contribute to the analysis of the intersection between migration, marital separation and gender relations on the basis of the analysis of 121 life histories of divorced or separated female domestic workers in Italy. By adopting a multidimensional perspective on gender relations, considering both women’s roles in the family (from mainly wife and mother to sole breadwinner) and gender models of reference (more oriented towards the traditional family or individual autonomy), we point out how the impact of the two events, i.e. migration and separation, is open-ended and can give way to different and unexpected paths of redefinition.
a. colombo; t. caponio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/108956
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