The sublingual combination of buprenorphine and naloxone (Suboxone®) and Methadone Maintenance Therapy have been found effective in treating heroin addiction. A new analytical method suitable for the simultaneous determination of buprenorphine, norbuprenorphine, methadone and naloxone in human plasma by means of liquid chromatography with coulometric detection has been developed. The chro- matographic separation was achieved with a phosphate buffer–acetonitrile mixture as the mobile phase on a cyano column. The monitoring cell of the coulometric detector was set at an oxidation potential of +0.600 V. A rapid clean-up procedure of the biological samples using a microextraction by packed sorbent technique has been implemented, employing a C8 sorbent inserted into a syringe needle. The extraction yield values were satisfactory for all analytes (>85%). The calibration curves were linear over a range of 0.25–20.0 ng/mL for buprenorphine and norbuprenorphine, 3.0–1000.0 ng/mL for methadone and 0.13–10.0 ng/mL for naloxone. The sensitivity was also high with limits of detection of 0.08 ng/mL for both buprenorphine and norbuprenorphine, 0.9 ng/mL for methadone and 0.04 ng/mL for naloxone. The intraday and interday precision data were always satisfactory. The method was successfully applied to plasma samples obtained from former heroin addicts treated with opioid replacement therapy.

Combined liquid chromatography-coulometric detection and microextraction by packed sorbent for the plasma analysis of long acting opioids in heroin addicted patients

SARACINO, MARIA ADDOLORATA;MARCHESELLI, CHIARA;RAGGI, MARIA AUGUSTA
2011

Abstract

The sublingual combination of buprenorphine and naloxone (Suboxone®) and Methadone Maintenance Therapy have been found effective in treating heroin addiction. A new analytical method suitable for the simultaneous determination of buprenorphine, norbuprenorphine, methadone and naloxone in human plasma by means of liquid chromatography with coulometric detection has been developed. The chro- matographic separation was achieved with a phosphate buffer–acetonitrile mixture as the mobile phase on a cyano column. The monitoring cell of the coulometric detector was set at an oxidation potential of +0.600 V. A rapid clean-up procedure of the biological samples using a microextraction by packed sorbent technique has been implemented, employing a C8 sorbent inserted into a syringe needle. The extraction yield values were satisfactory for all analytes (>85%). The calibration curves were linear over a range of 0.25–20.0 ng/mL for buprenorphine and norbuprenorphine, 3.0–1000.0 ng/mL for methadone and 0.13–10.0 ng/mL for naloxone. The sensitivity was also high with limits of detection of 0.08 ng/mL for both buprenorphine and norbuprenorphine, 0.9 ng/mL for methadone and 0.04 ng/mL for naloxone. The intraday and interday precision data were always satisfactory. The method was successfully applied to plasma samples obtained from former heroin addicts treated with opioid replacement therapy.
L. Somaini; M.A. Saracino; C. Marcheselli; S. Zanchini; G. Gerra; M.A. Raggi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/108839
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