The main aim of this work is to gain insight into the mechanisms by which freezing-thawing alters the nucleoprotein structure of boar sperm. For this purpose, the freezing-thawing-related changes of structure and location of histones-DNA domains in the boar sperm head were analyzed through Western blot and immunocytochemistry. Afterwards, it was analyzed whether freezing-thawing induced changes in tyrosine phosphorylation levels of both protamine 1 and histone H1, through Western blot analyses in samples previously subjected to immunoprecipitation. This analysis was completed with the determination of the changes induced by freezing-thawing on the overall levels of sperm-head disulfide bonds through analysis of free-cysteine radicals levels. Freezing-thawing induced significant changes in the histones-DNA structures, which were manifested in the appearance of a freezing-thawing-linked histone H1-DNA aggregate of about a 35-kDa band and in the spreading of histone H1-positive markings from the caudal area of the sperm head to more cranial zones. Freezing-thawing did not have any significant effect on the tyrosine phosphorylation levels of either protamine 1 or histone H1. However, thawed samples showed a significant (P 0.05) increase in the free cysteine radical content (from 3.1 0.5nmol/g protein in fresh samples to 6.7 0.8 nmol/g protein). In summary, our results suggest that freezing-thawing causes significant alterations in the nucleoprotein structure of boar sperm head by mechanism/s linked with the rupture of disulfide bonds among the DNA. These mechanisms seem to be unspecific, affecting both the protamines-DNA unions and the histones-DNA bonds in a similar way. Furthermore, results suggest that the boar-sperm nuclear structure is heterogeneous suggesting the existence of a zonated pattern, differing in their total DNA density and the compactness of the precise nucleoprotein structures present in each zone.

Freezing-thawing induces alterations in histone H1-DNA binding and the breaking of protein-DNA disulfide bonds in boar sperm

BUCCI, DIEGO;
2011

Abstract

The main aim of this work is to gain insight into the mechanisms by which freezing-thawing alters the nucleoprotein structure of boar sperm. For this purpose, the freezing-thawing-related changes of structure and location of histones-DNA domains in the boar sperm head were analyzed through Western blot and immunocytochemistry. Afterwards, it was analyzed whether freezing-thawing induced changes in tyrosine phosphorylation levels of both protamine 1 and histone H1, through Western blot analyses in samples previously subjected to immunoprecipitation. This analysis was completed with the determination of the changes induced by freezing-thawing on the overall levels of sperm-head disulfide bonds through analysis of free-cysteine radicals levels. Freezing-thawing induced significant changes in the histones-DNA structures, which were manifested in the appearance of a freezing-thawing-linked histone H1-DNA aggregate of about a 35-kDa band and in the spreading of histone H1-positive markings from the caudal area of the sperm head to more cranial zones. Freezing-thawing did not have any significant effect on the tyrosine phosphorylation levels of either protamine 1 or histone H1. However, thawed samples showed a significant (P 0.05) increase in the free cysteine radical content (from 3.1 0.5nmol/g protein in fresh samples to 6.7 0.8 nmol/g protein). In summary, our results suggest that freezing-thawing causes significant alterations in the nucleoprotein structure of boar sperm head by mechanism/s linked with the rupture of disulfide bonds among the DNA. These mechanisms seem to be unspecific, affecting both the protamines-DNA unions and the histones-DNA bonds in a similar way. Furthermore, results suggest that the boar-sperm nuclear structure is heterogeneous suggesting the existence of a zonated pattern, differing in their total DNA density and the compactness of the precise nucleoprotein structures present in each zone.
THERIOGENOLOGY
Eva Flores; Laura Ramiò-LLuch; Diego Bucci; Josep Maria Fernandez.Novell; Alejandro Pena; Juan Enrique Rodriguez-Gil
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/108703
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 13
  • Scopus 59
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 54
social impact