Immunoprevention is a fresh approach to cancer prevention based on the stimulation of the immune system before tumor onset. Immunoprevention was effective in various models of carcinogen-induced or autochthonous tumor progression. Vaccines made of cells or DNA plasmids combined with appropriate adjuvants completely blocked mammary carcinogenesis in HER-2/neu transgenic mice. At variance with cancer immunotherapy, the mediators of immunoprevention are antibodies and T-cell-derived cytokines, rather than cytotoxic T-cells. Immunopreventive approaches and chemoprevention with tamoxifen or cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors can be combined advantageously. The success obtained in preclinical studies suggests that cancer immunoprevention should progress to clinical testing.

Cancer immunoprevention

LOLLINI, PIER LUIGI;DE GIOVANNI, CARLA;NANNI, PATRIZIA
2005

Abstract

Immunoprevention is a fresh approach to cancer prevention based on the stimulation of the immune system before tumor onset. Immunoprevention was effective in various models of carcinogen-induced or autochthonous tumor progression. Vaccines made of cells or DNA plasmids combined with appropriate adjuvants completely blocked mammary carcinogenesis in HER-2/neu transgenic mice. At variance with cancer immunotherapy, the mediators of immunoprevention are antibodies and T-cell-derived cytokines, rather than cytotoxic T-cells. Immunopreventive approaches and chemoprevention with tamoxifen or cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors can be combined advantageously. The success obtained in preclinical studies suggests that cancer immunoprevention should progress to clinical testing.
P.L. Lollini; C. De Giovanni; T. Pannellini; F. Cavallo; G. Forni; P. Nanni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/10868
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