Stallions are not selected for fertility but for other criteria (pedigree, conformation, performances, progeny), therefore valuable but subfertile stallions with poor semen quality are frequently used in commercial breeding programs. The object of this study was to evaluate whether sperm selection through a silane-coated silica colloid gradient centrifugation, with or without the addition of seminal plasma of a high fertile stallion, could improve the pregnancy rates of an oligospermic valuable stallion in a commercial breeding program. In 2008 breeding season (experiment 1, n = 104 mares), simple centrifugation and density gradient centrifugation of the sperm were compared. In 2009 and 2010 breeding seasons (experiment 2, n = 125 mares), the effect of the addition of 5% seminal plasma to the extender after sperm selection was evaluated. In all mares deep horn uterine insemination was performed with 1ml containing 50×106 morphologically normal progressive motile spermatozoa, 24–30 h after induction of ovulation with hCG. Pregnancy diagnosis by ultrasonography was performed 14 days following ovulation. Results showed a higher per cycle pregnancy rate (P > 0.05) when sperm selection through a density gradient was used (62% vs. 42.3%, exp 1), while the addition of 5% seminal plasma did not influence the outcome (45.9% vs. 47.6%, exp 2) (P > 0.05). An age-related decrease in the fertility of the stallion was observed when comparing the results from the different breeding seasons (P < 0.05). In conclusion, sperm selection through a discontinuous density gradient enabled a normal per cycle pregnancy rate to be achieved from an oligospermic-subfertile stallion in a commercial breeding program, and no differences were observed regarding the addition of seminal plasma.

Density gradient centrifugation of sperm from a subfertile stallion and effect of seminal plasma addition on fertility.

MARI, GAETANO;CASTAGNETTI, CAROLINA;RIZZATO, GIOVANNI;MISLEI, BEATRICE;IACONO, ELEONORA;MERLO, BARBARA
2011

Abstract

Stallions are not selected for fertility but for other criteria (pedigree, conformation, performances, progeny), therefore valuable but subfertile stallions with poor semen quality are frequently used in commercial breeding programs. The object of this study was to evaluate whether sperm selection through a silane-coated silica colloid gradient centrifugation, with or without the addition of seminal plasma of a high fertile stallion, could improve the pregnancy rates of an oligospermic valuable stallion in a commercial breeding program. In 2008 breeding season (experiment 1, n = 104 mares), simple centrifugation and density gradient centrifugation of the sperm were compared. In 2009 and 2010 breeding seasons (experiment 2, n = 125 mares), the effect of the addition of 5% seminal plasma to the extender after sperm selection was evaluated. In all mares deep horn uterine insemination was performed with 1ml containing 50×106 morphologically normal progressive motile spermatozoa, 24–30 h after induction of ovulation with hCG. Pregnancy diagnosis by ultrasonography was performed 14 days following ovulation. Results showed a higher per cycle pregnancy rate (P > 0.05) when sperm selection through a density gradient was used (62% vs. 42.3%, exp 1), while the addition of 5% seminal plasma did not influence the outcome (45.9% vs. 47.6%, exp 2) (P > 0.05). An age-related decrease in the fertility of the stallion was observed when comparing the results from the different breeding seasons (P < 0.05). In conclusion, sperm selection through a discontinuous density gradient enabled a normal per cycle pregnancy rate to be achieved from an oligospermic-subfertile stallion in a commercial breeding program, and no differences were observed regarding the addition of seminal plasma.
Mari G.; Castagnetti C.; Rizzato G.; Mislei B.; Iacono E.; Merlo B.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/108656
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