Spinal ganglion (SG) neurons are subdivided, on the basis of their cytoplasmic aspect at light and electron microscopy, into dark (D) and light (L) neurons. Numerous efforts have been made to find specific markers able to identify D and L neuronal cytotypes. The isolectin B4 (IB4), utilized to identify nonpeptidergic D neurons in mice, unfortunately, has not proved as effective in other species. The 200-kDa neurofilament protein (NF200) is considered as a typical marker of L neurons in the rat, cat, and chick. The aim of this study was to analyze the histological, morphometric, and neurochemical characteristic of NF200-immunoreactive (IR) horse SG neurons, to better characterize them morphologically and functionally. NF200-IR neurons showed two levels (strong and weak) of staining intensity. Most (84%) strongly stained NF200-IR neurons corresponded to L neurons, and showed similar bimodality as in the size distribution study, which seems to indicate a third population of neurons, in addition to the two populations (small and large) previously identified. In triple-staining experiments where NF200 was colocalized with IB4, substance P (SP), and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) neuronal markers, most NF200-IR neurons were single stained. On the contrary, most IB4-, SP-, and nNOS-stained neurons were triple labeled and almost equally subdivided between strong and weak NF200-IR with the latter being always smaller in size than strong NF200-IR neurons. In conclusion, horse SG neurons display significant morphometric and neurochemical differences compared with those of rodents.

Expression of High-Molecular-Mass Neurofilament Protein in Horse (Equus caballus) Spinal Ganglion Neurons.

RUSSO, DOMENICO;CASTELLANI, GASTONE;CHIOCCHETTI, ROBERTO
2012

Abstract

Spinal ganglion (SG) neurons are subdivided, on the basis of their cytoplasmic aspect at light and electron microscopy, into dark (D) and light (L) neurons. Numerous efforts have been made to find specific markers able to identify D and L neuronal cytotypes. The isolectin B4 (IB4), utilized to identify nonpeptidergic D neurons in mice, unfortunately, has not proved as effective in other species. The 200-kDa neurofilament protein (NF200) is considered as a typical marker of L neurons in the rat, cat, and chick. The aim of this study was to analyze the histological, morphometric, and neurochemical characteristic of NF200-immunoreactive (IR) horse SG neurons, to better characterize them morphologically and functionally. NF200-IR neurons showed two levels (strong and weak) of staining intensity. Most (84%) strongly stained NF200-IR neurons corresponded to L neurons, and showed similar bimodality as in the size distribution study, which seems to indicate a third population of neurons, in addition to the two populations (small and large) previously identified. In triple-staining experiments where NF200 was colocalized with IB4, substance P (SP), and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) neuronal markers, most NF200-IR neurons were single stained. On the contrary, most IB4-, SP-, and nNOS-stained neurons were triple labeled and almost equally subdivided between strong and weak NF200-IR with the latter being always smaller in size than strong NF200-IR neurons. In conclusion, horse SG neurons display significant morphometric and neurochemical differences compared with those of rodents.
D. Russo; G. Castellani; R. Chiocchetti
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/107900
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