An effective mesophilic continuous anaerobic digestion process fed only with amechanically sorted organic fraction of municipal solid waste (MS-OFMSW) was developed. During a preliminary 3-month experimental phase, the microbial consortium was acclimated toward MS-OFMSW by initially filling the reactor with cattle manure and then continuously feeding it with MS-OFMSW. The Hydraulic Retention Time (HRT) and Organic Loading Rate (OLR) were 23 days and 2.5 g/L/day, respectively. After 4 weeks, the reactor reached stationary performances (84% COD removal yield, 0.15 LCH4 /gCODremoved methane production yield). The acclimated consortiumwasthen employed in a second run in which the reactorwasoperated under steady state conditions at the previous HRT and OLR for 73 days. The CODremoval and the methane production yield increased up to 87% and 0.25 CH4 /gCODremoved, respectively. The capability of the acclimated consortium to biomethanize MS-OFMSW was further studied via batch digestion experiments, carried out by inoculating the target waste with reactor effluents collected at the beginning of first run and at the end of the first and second run. The best normalized methane production (0.39 LCH4 /ginitial COD) was obtained with the inoculum collected at the end of the second run. Molecular analysis of the microbial community occurring in the reactor during the two sequential runs indicated that the progressive improvement of the process performances was closely related to the selection and enrichment of specific hydrolytic and acidogenic bacteria in the reactor.

A continuous-flow approach for the development of an anaerobic consortium capable of an effective biomethanization of a mechanically sorted-organic fraction of municipal solid waste as the sole substrate

BERTIN, LORENZO;BETTINI, CRISTINA;ZANAROLI, GIULIO;FRASCARI, DARIO;FAVA, FABIO
2012

Abstract

An effective mesophilic continuous anaerobic digestion process fed only with amechanically sorted organic fraction of municipal solid waste (MS-OFMSW) was developed. During a preliminary 3-month experimental phase, the microbial consortium was acclimated toward MS-OFMSW by initially filling the reactor with cattle manure and then continuously feeding it with MS-OFMSW. The Hydraulic Retention Time (HRT) and Organic Loading Rate (OLR) were 23 days and 2.5 g/L/day, respectively. After 4 weeks, the reactor reached stationary performances (84% COD removal yield, 0.15 LCH4 /gCODremoved methane production yield). The acclimated consortiumwasthen employed in a second run in which the reactorwasoperated under steady state conditions at the previous HRT and OLR for 73 days. The CODremoval and the methane production yield increased up to 87% and 0.25 CH4 /gCODremoved, respectively. The capability of the acclimated consortium to biomethanize MS-OFMSW was further studied via batch digestion experiments, carried out by inoculating the target waste with reactor effluents collected at the beginning of first run and at the end of the first and second run. The best normalized methane production (0.39 LCH4 /ginitial COD) was obtained with the inoculum collected at the end of the second run. Molecular analysis of the microbial community occurring in the reactor during the two sequential runs indicated that the progressive improvement of the process performances was closely related to the selection and enrichment of specific hydrolytic and acidogenic bacteria in the reactor.
2012
L. Bertin; C. Bettini; G. Zanaroli; D. Frascari; F. Fava
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/106578
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