We characterized the pattern of ultrasonographic contrast enhancement of the small intestinal wall using a commercial contrast medium (Sonovue ®) in 10 healthy awake cats. Subjectively, a rapid intense enhancement of the serosal and submucosal layers was followed by gradual enhancement of the entire wall section during the early phase. At peak enhancement, there was a subjective loss of demarcation between intestinal wall layers. In the late phase, there was a gradual wash out of signal from the intestinal wall. Submucosal wash out occurred last. Time-intensity curves were generated for selected regions in the intestinal wall and multiple perfusion parameters were calculated for each cat. Perfusion parameters included arrival time (7.64 ± 2.23s), baseline intensity (1.04 ± 0.04a.u.), time to peak from injection (10.74 ± 2.08s), time to peak from initial rise (3.1 ± 1.15), peak intensity (8.92 ± 3.72a.u.), wash-in rate (2.06 ± 0.70a.u./s) and wash-out rate (-1.07 ± 0.91a.u./s). The perfusion pattern of normal feline small bowel may be useful for characterizing feline gastrointestinal disorders that involve the intestinal wall.

Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography of the small bowel in healthy cats.

DIANA, ALESSIA;BARON TOALDO, MARCO;CHIOCCHETTI, ROBERTO;CIPONE, MARIO
2011

Abstract

We characterized the pattern of ultrasonographic contrast enhancement of the small intestinal wall using a commercial contrast medium (Sonovue ®) in 10 healthy awake cats. Subjectively, a rapid intense enhancement of the serosal and submucosal layers was followed by gradual enhancement of the entire wall section during the early phase. At peak enhancement, there was a subjective loss of demarcation between intestinal wall layers. In the late phase, there was a gradual wash out of signal from the intestinal wall. Submucosal wash out occurred last. Time-intensity curves were generated for selected regions in the intestinal wall and multiple perfusion parameters were calculated for each cat. Perfusion parameters included arrival time (7.64 ± 2.23s), baseline intensity (1.04 ± 0.04a.u.), time to peak from injection (10.74 ± 2.08s), time to peak from initial rise (3.1 ± 1.15), peak intensity (8.92 ± 3.72a.u.), wash-in rate (2.06 ± 0.70a.u./s) and wash-out rate (-1.07 ± 0.91a.u./s). The perfusion pattern of normal feline small bowel may be useful for characterizing feline gastrointestinal disorders that involve the intestinal wall.
Diana A; Specchi S; Baron Toaldo M; Chiocchetti R; Laghi A; Cipone M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/106417
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