Down Syndrome (DS) is caused by the presence of three copies of the whole human chromosome 21 (HC21) or of a HC21 restricted region; the phenotype is likely to have originated from the altered expression of genes in the HC21. We apply the cDNA microarray method to the study of gene expression in human T lymphocytes with trisomy 21 in comparison to normal cells. Two patients with DS were investigated, along with two normal subjects as a control, all being tested in independent, duplicated cell culture experiments. The most consistent finding was the overexpression of the superoxide dismutase gene (SOD1), located on 21q, and of MHC DR beta 3 (HLA-DRB3), GABA receptor A gamma 2 (GABRG2), acetyltransferase Coenzyme, A 2 (ACAT2) and ras suppressor protein 1 (RSU1) genes. When the data were clustered according to chromosome localization, the HC21 gene set showed, on average, the highest expression in DS cells in all the experiments. Moreover, separate clustering of patients and controls was obtained when analysis was restricted to HC21 gene expression values. These findings reinforce the specific gene dosage theory for the pathogenesis of the DS phenotype, and show a consistent overexpression of the SOD1 gene on 21q.

Gene Expression Profile Analysis in Human T Lymphocytes from Patients with Down Syndrome.

GIANNONE, SANDRA;STRIPPOLI, PIERLUIGI;VITALE, LORENZA;CASADEI, RAFFAELLA;CANAIDER, SILVIA;LENZI, LUCA;D'ADDABBO, PIETRO;FRABETTI, FLAVIA;FACCHIN, FEDERICA;FARINA, ANTONIO;CARINCI, PAOLO;ZANNOTTI, MARIA
2004

Abstract

Down Syndrome (DS) is caused by the presence of three copies of the whole human chromosome 21 (HC21) or of a HC21 restricted region; the phenotype is likely to have originated from the altered expression of genes in the HC21. We apply the cDNA microarray method to the study of gene expression in human T lymphocytes with trisomy 21 in comparison to normal cells. Two patients with DS were investigated, along with two normal subjects as a control, all being tested in independent, duplicated cell culture experiments. The most consistent finding was the overexpression of the superoxide dismutase gene (SOD1), located on 21q, and of MHC DR beta 3 (HLA-DRB3), GABA receptor A gamma 2 (GABRG2), acetyltransferase Coenzyme, A 2 (ACAT2) and ras suppressor protein 1 (RSU1) genes. When the data were clustered according to chromosome localization, the HC21 gene set showed, on average, the highest expression in DS cells in all the experiments. Moreover, separate clustering of patients and controls was obtained when analysis was restricted to HC21 gene expression values. These findings reinforce the specific gene dosage theory for the pathogenesis of the DS phenotype, and show a consistent overexpression of the SOD1 gene on 21q.
GIANNONE S; STRIPPOLI P; VITALE L; CASADEI R; CANAIDER S.; LENZI L; D'ADDABBO P; FRABETTI F; FACCHIN F; FARINA A; CARINCI P; ZANNOTTI M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/1063
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