Summary Reasons for performing study: No endoscopic examination of the nasolacrimal duct has been described before. In contrast with other imaging techniques, endoscopy provides a direct inspection of the intralumen and ductal mucosa in standing sedation. Objectives: To provide a reference against which the endoscopic and clinical features of obstructive nasolacrimal disease in the horse may be compared. Methods: Endoscopic examination of the nasolacrimal duct was performed in 10 French Thoroughbred bay mares with a 3 mm shaft diameter flexible fibrescope. The duct was divided into 3 zones (1, 2 and 3) from the nostril to the lacrimal sac. Results: Endoscopic examination of the nasolacrimal duct appeared to be quite easy to perform in Zones 1 and 2, while the ease or difficulty of examining Zone 3 depended on the weight and size of the horse for the position of the endoscope in the lacrimal canal. Conclusions: Endoscopic inspection has provided the possibility of a novel diagnostic approach to conditions of the nasolacrimal duct in horses. Potential relevance: Endoscopic examination of the nasolacrimal duct could help to diagnose and treat nasolacrimal diseases by performing sample withdrawal and duct irrigation.

Endoscopic examination of the nasolacrimal duct in ten horses / Spadari A.; Spinella G.; Grandis A.; Romagnoli N.; Pietra M.. - In: EQUINE VETERINARY JOURNAL. - ISSN 0425-1644. - STAMPA. - 43:(2011), pp. 159-162. [10.1111/j.2042-3306.2010.00160.x]

Endoscopic examination of the nasolacrimal duct in ten horses

SPADARI, ALESSANDRO;SPINELLA, GIUSEPPE;GRANDIS, ANNAMARIA;ROMAGNOLI, NOEMI;PIETRA, MARCO
2011

Abstract

Summary Reasons for performing study: No endoscopic examination of the nasolacrimal duct has been described before. In contrast with other imaging techniques, endoscopy provides a direct inspection of the intralumen and ductal mucosa in standing sedation. Objectives: To provide a reference against which the endoscopic and clinical features of obstructive nasolacrimal disease in the horse may be compared. Methods: Endoscopic examination of the nasolacrimal duct was performed in 10 French Thoroughbred bay mares with a 3 mm shaft diameter flexible fibrescope. The duct was divided into 3 zones (1, 2 and 3) from the nostril to the lacrimal sac. Results: Endoscopic examination of the nasolacrimal duct appeared to be quite easy to perform in Zones 1 and 2, while the ease or difficulty of examining Zone 3 depended on the weight and size of the horse for the position of the endoscope in the lacrimal canal. Conclusions: Endoscopic inspection has provided the possibility of a novel diagnostic approach to conditions of the nasolacrimal duct in horses. Potential relevance: Endoscopic examination of the nasolacrimal duct could help to diagnose and treat nasolacrimal diseases by performing sample withdrawal and duct irrigation.
2011
Endoscopic examination of the nasolacrimal duct in ten horses / Spadari A.; Spinella G.; Grandis A.; Romagnoli N.; Pietra M.. - In: EQUINE VETERINARY JOURNAL. - ISSN 0425-1644. - STAMPA. - 43:(2011), pp. 159-162. [10.1111/j.2042-3306.2010.00160.x]
Spadari A.; Spinella G.; Grandis A.; Romagnoli N.; Pietra M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/106298
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