The sorption and transport properties of n-alkane and alkyl-alcohol vapours in addition-type poly(trimethyl silyl norbornene) (PTMSN) were studied at 35 °C and at various activity values. PTMSN is a high free volume polymer that shows very high solubility to the condensable vapours and can be considered a promising material for several applications, such as gas/vapor membrane separations. Sorption and diffusion experiments with n-alkanes (n-C4, n-C5, n-C6) and alkyl alcohols (CH3OH, C2H5OH, n-C3H7OH) were performed as well as dilation measurements with n-C5 and n-C6, at 35 °C. The behavior of the alcohol vapors differs from that of alkanes, mainly for the shape of the solubility, diffusivity and mobility isotherms: this phenomenon, as well as the diffusion trend of the different vapors, was explained by the different interactions between the penetrants and the hydrocarbon-based polymer. The permeability isotherms were also estimated from solubility and diffusivity data, showing that the permeability of PTMSN lies in between those of AF2400 and PTMSP. Finally, the dependence of the transport parameters of n-alkanes in PTMSN on penetrant pressure and molecular weight was analyzed, discussed and compared to that observed in other high free volume glassy polymers. The activity-based solubility coefficients of alkanes in PTMSN show a weak dependence on the molecular weight, while in PTMSP they increase and in AF2400 they decrease with this parameter.

Sorption and transport of hydrocarbons and alcohols in addition-type poly(trimethyl silyl norbornene). I: experimental data.

DE ANGELIS, MARIA GRAZIA;SARTI, GIULIO CESARE
2011

Abstract

The sorption and transport properties of n-alkane and alkyl-alcohol vapours in addition-type poly(trimethyl silyl norbornene) (PTMSN) were studied at 35 °C and at various activity values. PTMSN is a high free volume polymer that shows very high solubility to the condensable vapours and can be considered a promising material for several applications, such as gas/vapor membrane separations. Sorption and diffusion experiments with n-alkanes (n-C4, n-C5, n-C6) and alkyl alcohols (CH3OH, C2H5OH, n-C3H7OH) were performed as well as dilation measurements with n-C5 and n-C6, at 35 °C. The behavior of the alcohol vapors differs from that of alkanes, mainly for the shape of the solubility, diffusivity and mobility isotherms: this phenomenon, as well as the diffusion trend of the different vapors, was explained by the different interactions between the penetrants and the hydrocarbon-based polymer. The permeability isotherms were also estimated from solubility and diffusivity data, showing that the permeability of PTMSN lies in between those of AF2400 and PTMSP. Finally, the dependence of the transport parameters of n-alkanes in PTMSN on penetrant pressure and molecular weight was analyzed, discussed and compared to that observed in other high free volume glassy polymers. The activity-based solubility coefficients of alkanes in PTMSN show a weak dependence on the molecular weight, while in PTMSP they increase and in AF2400 they decrease with this parameter.
Galizia M.; De Angelis M.G.; Finkelshtein E.; Yampolskii Y.; Sarti G.C.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/106028
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 32
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 32
social impact