Entry of herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) into cells occurs by fusion with cell membranes; it requires gD as the receptor binding glycoprotein and the trigger of fusion, and the trio of the conserved glycoproteins gB, gH, and gL to execute fusion. Recently, we reported that the ectodomain of HSV-1 gH carries a hydrophobic alpha-helix (residues 377 to 397) with attributes of an internal fusion peptide (T. Gianni, P. L. Martelli, R. Casadio, and G. Campadelli-Fiume, J. Virol. 79:2931-2940, 2005). Downstream of this alpha-helix, a heptad repeat (HR) with a high propensity to form a coiled coil was predicted between residues 443 and 471 and was designated HR-1. The simultaneous substitution of two amino acids in HR-1 (E450G and L453A), predicted to abolish the coiled coil, abolished the ability of gH to complement the infectivity of a gH-null HSV mutant. When coexpressed with gB, gD, and gL, the mutant gH was unable to promote cell-cell fusion. These defects were not attributed to a defect in heterodimer formation with gL, the gH chaperone, or in trafficking to the plasma membrane. A 25-amino-acid synthetic peptide with the sequence of HR-1 (pep-gH(wt25)) inhibited HSV replication if present at the time of virus entry into the cell. A scrambled peptide had no effect. The effect was specific, as pep-gH(wt25) did not reduce HSV-2 and pseudorabies virus infection. The presence of a functional HR in the HSV-1 gH ectodomain strengthens the view that gH has attributes typical of a viral fusion glycoprotein.

A heptad repeat in herpes simplex virus-1 gH, located downstream of the α-helix with attributes of a fusion peptide, is critical for virus entry and fusion.

GIANNI, TATIANA;MENOTTI, LAURA;CAMPADELLI, MARIA GABRIELLA
2005

Abstract

Entry of herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) into cells occurs by fusion with cell membranes; it requires gD as the receptor binding glycoprotein and the trigger of fusion, and the trio of the conserved glycoproteins gB, gH, and gL to execute fusion. Recently, we reported that the ectodomain of HSV-1 gH carries a hydrophobic alpha-helix (residues 377 to 397) with attributes of an internal fusion peptide (T. Gianni, P. L. Martelli, R. Casadio, and G. Campadelli-Fiume, J. Virol. 79:2931-2940, 2005). Downstream of this alpha-helix, a heptad repeat (HR) with a high propensity to form a coiled coil was predicted between residues 443 and 471 and was designated HR-1. The simultaneous substitution of two amino acids in HR-1 (E450G and L453A), predicted to abolish the coiled coil, abolished the ability of gH to complement the infectivity of a gH-null HSV mutant. When coexpressed with gB, gD, and gL, the mutant gH was unable to promote cell-cell fusion. These defects were not attributed to a defect in heterodimer formation with gL, the gH chaperone, or in trafficking to the plasma membrane. A 25-amino-acid synthetic peptide with the sequence of HR-1 (pep-gH(wt25)) inhibited HSV replication if present at the time of virus entry into the cell. A scrambled peptide had no effect. The effect was specific, as pep-gH(wt25) did not reduce HSV-2 and pseudorabies virus infection. The presence of a functional HR in the HSV-1 gH ectodomain strengthens the view that gH has attributes typical of a viral fusion glycoprotein.
JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY
GIANNI T.; MENOTTI L.; CAMPADELLI-FIUME G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/1049
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