The aim of this study is to compare the effects of candesartan and olmesartan on insulin sensitivity-related parameters, before and after antihypertensive therapy. After a 4-week washout placebo period, 194 hypertensive (diastolic blood pressure (DBP) > or =80 mm Hg and systolic blood pressure (SBP) > or =130 mm Hg) patients with well-controlled type II diabetes were randomized to receive either 8 mg of candesartan once a day (o.d.) or 10 mg olmesartan o.d. and titrated after 1 month to 16 mg candesartan o.d. or 20 mg olmesartan o.d., respectively; the treatment period had a 1-year duration. We evaluated body weight, body mass index, SBP, DBP, glycated hemoglobin, fasting plasma glucose, M value, adiponectin (ADN), resistin (r), retinol-binding protein 4, visfatin, vaspin and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (Hs-CRP) at their baseline values and after 6 and 12 months of treatment. We observed no variation in body weight or glycemic profile for either treatment. SBP and DBP were significantly reduced by both treatments (from 144+/-8/88+/-6 to 126+/-5/77+/-4 mm Hg by candesartan (P<0.001) and from 145+/-9/89+/-7 to 128+/-7/79+/-5 mm Hg by olmesartan (P<0.001)) without any difference between them. Retinol binding protein-4, r, and the vaspin value decreased in the candesartan group but not in olmesartan group. The M value, visfatin and ADN increased with candesartan, whereas no significant variations were observed with olmesartan. Both treatments resulted in a similar reduction in Hs-CRP. Although both therapies resulted in similar reductions in blood pressure, candesartan therapy was more effective than olmesartan therapy in improving insulin sensitivity.

Differential effects of candesartan and olmesartan on adipose tissue activity biomarkers in type II diabetic hypertensive patients.

CICERO, ARRIGO FRANCESCO GIUSEPPE
2010

Abstract

The aim of this study is to compare the effects of candesartan and olmesartan on insulin sensitivity-related parameters, before and after antihypertensive therapy. After a 4-week washout placebo period, 194 hypertensive (diastolic blood pressure (DBP) > or =80 mm Hg and systolic blood pressure (SBP) > or =130 mm Hg) patients with well-controlled type II diabetes were randomized to receive either 8 mg of candesartan once a day (o.d.) or 10 mg olmesartan o.d. and titrated after 1 month to 16 mg candesartan o.d. or 20 mg olmesartan o.d., respectively; the treatment period had a 1-year duration. We evaluated body weight, body mass index, SBP, DBP, glycated hemoglobin, fasting plasma glucose, M value, adiponectin (ADN), resistin (r), retinol-binding protein 4, visfatin, vaspin and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (Hs-CRP) at their baseline values and after 6 and 12 months of treatment. We observed no variation in body weight or glycemic profile for either treatment. SBP and DBP were significantly reduced by both treatments (from 144+/-8/88+/-6 to 126+/-5/77+/-4 mm Hg by candesartan (P<0.001) and from 145+/-9/89+/-7 to 128+/-7/79+/-5 mm Hg by olmesartan (P<0.001)) without any difference between them. Retinol binding protein-4, r, and the vaspin value decreased in the candesartan group but not in olmesartan group. The M value, visfatin and ADN increased with candesartan, whereas no significant variations were observed with olmesartan. Both treatments resulted in a similar reduction in Hs-CRP. Although both therapies resulted in similar reductions in blood pressure, candesartan therapy was more effective than olmesartan therapy in improving insulin sensitivity.
Derosa G.; Maffioli P.; Salvadeo S.A.; Ferrari I.; Gravina A.; Mereu R.; Palumbo I.; Fogari E.; D'Angelo A.; Cicero A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/104111
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