BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis is complicated by a high incidence of intradialytic hypotension and disequilibrium symptoms caused by hypovolemia and a decrease in extracellular osmolarity. Automatic adaptive system dialysis (AASD) is a proprietary dialysis system that provides automated elaboration of dialysate and ultrafiltration profiles based on the prescribed decrease in body weight and sodium content. STUDY DESIGN: A noncontrolled (single arm), multicenter, prospective, clinical trial. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 55 patients with intradialytic hypotension or disequilibrium syndrome in 15 dialysis units were studied over a 1-month interval using standard treatment (642 sessions) followed by 6 months using AASD (2,376 sessions). INTERVENTION: AASD (bicarbonate dialysis with dialysate sodium concentration and ultrafiltration rate profiles determined by the automated procedure). OUTCOMES: Primary and major secondary outcomes were the frequency of intradialytic hypotension and symptoms (hypotensive events, headache, nausea, vomiting, and cramps), respectively. RESULTS: More stable intradialytic systolic and diastolic blood pressures with lower heart rate were found using AASD compared with standard treatment. Sessions complicated by hypotension decreased from 58.7% ± 7.3% to 0.9% ± 0.6% (P < 0.001). The incidence of other disequilibrium syndrome symptoms was lower in patients receiving AASD. There were no differences in end-session body weight, interdialytic weight gain, or presession natremia between the standard and AASD treatment periods. LIMITATIONS: A noncontrolled (single arm) study, no crossover from AASD to standard treatment. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows the long-term clinical efficacy of AASD for intradialytic hypotension and disequilibrium symptoms in a large number of patients and dialysis sessions.

Automatic Adaptive System Dialysis for Hemodialysis-Associated Hypotension and Intolerance: A Noncontrolled Multicenter Trial.

LA MANNA, GAETANO;COMAI, GIORGIA;URSINO, MAURO;RICCI, DAVIDE;PICCARI, MATTEO;STEFONI, SERGIO
2011

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis is complicated by a high incidence of intradialytic hypotension and disequilibrium symptoms caused by hypovolemia and a decrease in extracellular osmolarity. Automatic adaptive system dialysis (AASD) is a proprietary dialysis system that provides automated elaboration of dialysate and ultrafiltration profiles based on the prescribed decrease in body weight and sodium content. STUDY DESIGN: A noncontrolled (single arm), multicenter, prospective, clinical trial. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 55 patients with intradialytic hypotension or disequilibrium syndrome in 15 dialysis units were studied over a 1-month interval using standard treatment (642 sessions) followed by 6 months using AASD (2,376 sessions). INTERVENTION: AASD (bicarbonate dialysis with dialysate sodium concentration and ultrafiltration rate profiles determined by the automated procedure). OUTCOMES: Primary and major secondary outcomes were the frequency of intradialytic hypotension and symptoms (hypotensive events, headache, nausea, vomiting, and cramps), respectively. RESULTS: More stable intradialytic systolic and diastolic blood pressures with lower heart rate were found using AASD compared with standard treatment. Sessions complicated by hypotension decreased from 58.7% ± 7.3% to 0.9% ± 0.6% (P < 0.001). The incidence of other disequilibrium syndrome symptoms was lower in patients receiving AASD. There were no differences in end-session body weight, interdialytic weight gain, or presession natremia between the standard and AASD treatment periods. LIMITATIONS: A noncontrolled (single arm) study, no crossover from AASD to standard treatment. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows the long-term clinical efficacy of AASD for intradialytic hypotension and disequilibrium symptoms in a large number of patients and dialysis sessions.
Colì L; La Manna G; Comai G; Ursino M; Ricci D; Piccari M; Locatelli F; Di Filippo S; Cristinelli L; Bacchi M; Balducci A; Aucella F; Panichi V; Ferrandello FP; Tarchini R; Lambertini D; Mura C; Marinangeli G; Loreto ED; Quarello F; Forneris G; Tancredi M; Morosetti M; Palombo G; Luca MD; Martello M; Emiliani G; Bellazzi R; Stefoni S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/102825
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