The success of Cloud computing, where computing power is treated as a utility, has resulted in the creation of many large datacenters that are very expensive to build and operate. In particular, the energy bill accounts for a significant fraction of the total operation costs. For this reason a significant attention is being devoted to energy conservation techniques, for example by taking advantage of the built-in power saving features of modern hardware. Cloud computing offers novel opportunities for achieving energy savings: Cloud systems rely on virtualization techniques to allocate computing resources on demand, and modern VM monitors allow live migration of running VMs. Thus, energy conservation can be achieved through server consolidation, moving VM instances away from lightly loaded computing nodes so that they become empty and can be switched to low-power mode. In this paper we present V-MAN, a fully decentralized algorithm for consolidating VMs in large Cloud datacenters. V-MAN can operate on any arbitrary initial allocation of VMs on the Cloud, iteratively producing new allocations that quickly converge towards the one maximizing the number of idle hosts. V-MAN uses a simple gossip protocol to achieve efficiency, scalability and robustness to failures. Simulation experiments indicate that, starting from a random allocation, V-MAN produces an almost-optimal VM placement in just a few rounds; the protocol is intrinsically robust and can cope with computing nodes being added to or removed from the Cloud.

Server Consolidation in Clouds Through Gossiping

MARZOLLA, MORENO;BABAOGLU, OZALP;PANZIERI, FABIO
2011

Abstract

The success of Cloud computing, where computing power is treated as a utility, has resulted in the creation of many large datacenters that are very expensive to build and operate. In particular, the energy bill accounts for a significant fraction of the total operation costs. For this reason a significant attention is being devoted to energy conservation techniques, for example by taking advantage of the built-in power saving features of modern hardware. Cloud computing offers novel opportunities for achieving energy savings: Cloud systems rely on virtualization techniques to allocate computing resources on demand, and modern VM monitors allow live migration of running VMs. Thus, energy conservation can be achieved through server consolidation, moving VM instances away from lightly loaded computing nodes so that they become empty and can be switched to low-power mode. In this paper we present V-MAN, a fully decentralized algorithm for consolidating VMs in large Cloud datacenters. V-MAN can operate on any arbitrary initial allocation of VMs on the Cloud, iteratively producing new allocations that quickly converge towards the one maximizing the number of idle hosts. V-MAN uses a simple gossip protocol to achieve efficiency, scalability and robustness to failures. Simulation experiments indicate that, starting from a random allocation, V-MAN produces an almost-optimal VM placement in just a few rounds; the protocol is intrinsically robust and can cope with computing nodes being added to or removed from the Cloud.
World of Wireless, Mobile and Multimedia Networks (WoWMoM), 2011 IEEE International Symposium on a
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M. Marzolla; O. Babaoglu; F. Panzieri
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/102314
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