European pear, as well as its close relatives Japanese pear and apple, exhibits S-RNase-based gametophytic self-incompatibility. The male determinant of this self-incompatibility mechanism is a pollen-expressed protein containing an F-box domain; in the genera Petunia (Solanaceae), Antirrhinum (Plantaginaceae), and Prunus (Rosaceae), a single F-box gene determines the pollen S. In apple and Japanese pear, however, multiple S-locus F-box genes were recently identified as candidates for the pollen S, and they were named S-locus F-Box Brothers. These genes were considered good candidates for the pollen S determinant since they exhibit S-haplotype-specific polymorphisms, pollen-specific expression, and linkage to the S-RNase. In the present study, S-locus F-Box Brothers homologs have been cloned from two of the most agronomically important European pear varieties, "Abbé Fétel" (S104-2/S105) and“Max Red Bartlett" (S101/S102), and they have been mapped on a genetic linkage map developed on their progeny. Our results suggest that the number of Fbox genes linked to the S-locus of the European pear is higher than expected according with previous reports for apple and Japanese pear, since up to five genes were found to be linked to a single S-haplotype. Moreover, two of these genes exhibited an incomplete linkage to the S-RNase, allowing the identification of low-frequency recombinant haplotypes, generated by a crossing-over event between the two genes. These F-box genes are most likely placed in close proximity of the S-locus but do not belong to it, and they can thus be excluded from being responsible for the determination of pollen S function.

Cloning and mapping multiple S-locus F-box genes in European pear (Pyrus communis L.).

DE FRANCESCHI, PAOLO;PIERANTONI, LUCA;DONDINI, LUCA;GRANDI, MARCO;SANSAVINI, SILVIERO
2011

Abstract

European pear, as well as its close relatives Japanese pear and apple, exhibits S-RNase-based gametophytic self-incompatibility. The male determinant of this self-incompatibility mechanism is a pollen-expressed protein containing an F-box domain; in the genera Petunia (Solanaceae), Antirrhinum (Plantaginaceae), and Prunus (Rosaceae), a single F-box gene determines the pollen S. In apple and Japanese pear, however, multiple S-locus F-box genes were recently identified as candidates for the pollen S, and they were named S-locus F-Box Brothers. These genes were considered good candidates for the pollen S determinant since they exhibit S-haplotype-specific polymorphisms, pollen-specific expression, and linkage to the S-RNase. In the present study, S-locus F-Box Brothers homologs have been cloned from two of the most agronomically important European pear varieties, "Abbé Fétel" (S104-2/S105) and“Max Red Bartlett" (S101/S102), and they have been mapped on a genetic linkage map developed on their progeny. Our results suggest that the number of Fbox genes linked to the S-locus of the European pear is higher than expected according with previous reports for apple and Japanese pear, since up to five genes were found to be linked to a single S-haplotype. Moreover, two of these genes exhibited an incomplete linkage to the S-RNase, allowing the identification of low-frequency recombinant haplotypes, generated by a crossing-over event between the two genes. These F-box genes are most likely placed in close proximity of the S-locus but do not belong to it, and they can thus be excluded from being responsible for the determination of pollen S function.
De Franceschi P.; Pierantoni L.; Dondini L.; Grandi M.; Sanzol J.; Sansavini S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/102285
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