In Microfluidics, a large deviation in the published experimental data on the dynamic and thermal behavior of microflows has been observed with respect to the classical theory but, from a chronological analysis of these experimental results, it can be realized how the deviations in the behavior of fluid flows through microchannels from that through large-sized channels are decreasing. Today, it seems to be clear that some of the inconsistencies in the data were originated from the experimental methods used for the investigation of convective microflows. This fact highlights the need for the development of specific measurement techniques for Microfluidics. In this work, we explore and categorize different approaches found in literature for measuring microflow characteristics, especially for gas flows, and the geometry of the microchannels pointing out the advantages and disadvantages inherent to each experimental technique. Starting from the operative definition of friction factor, the main parameters that must be checked in an experimental work in order to characterize the flow are reviewed. A discussion based on uncertainty analysis will be presented in order to individuate the main operative parameters that one must be able to measure accurately to determine pressure drop in the microchannels with a low level of uncertainty. In the paper each measurement technique is critically analysed to evidence the important issues which may have been overlooked in previous researches. The main goal of this study is to give a summary of experimental procedure and a useful guideline for experimental research in Microfluidics.

A Critical Review of the Measurement Techniques for the Analysis Of Gas Microflows Through Microchannels

MORINI, GIAN LUCA;YANG, YAHUI;CHALABI, HABIB ZACKY;LORENZINI, MARCO
2011

Abstract

In Microfluidics, a large deviation in the published experimental data on the dynamic and thermal behavior of microflows has been observed with respect to the classical theory but, from a chronological analysis of these experimental results, it can be realized how the deviations in the behavior of fluid flows through microchannels from that through large-sized channels are decreasing. Today, it seems to be clear that some of the inconsistencies in the data were originated from the experimental methods used for the investigation of convective microflows. This fact highlights the need for the development of specific measurement techniques for Microfluidics. In this work, we explore and categorize different approaches found in literature for measuring microflow characteristics, especially for gas flows, and the geometry of the microchannels pointing out the advantages and disadvantages inherent to each experimental technique. Starting from the operative definition of friction factor, the main parameters that must be checked in an experimental work in order to characterize the flow are reviewed. A discussion based on uncertainty analysis will be presented in order to individuate the main operative parameters that one must be able to measure accurately to determine pressure drop in the microchannels with a low level of uncertainty. In the paper each measurement technique is critically analysed to evidence the important issues which may have been overlooked in previous researches. The main goal of this study is to give a summary of experimental procedure and a useful guideline for experimental research in Microfluidics.
G.L. Morini; Y. Yang; H. Chalabi; M. Lorenzini
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/101717
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