We report here about the results of a study on the oxidation of cyclohexanone to adipic acid with air, catalysed by Keggin-type polyoxometalates of composition H3+xPMo12-xVxO40 (x=1 and 2), which was carried out in a semi-continuous stirred-tank reactor. It was found that when conducted in the presence of a water-only solvent, the reaction proceeds with a redox mechanism, in which the step of reoxidation of the reduced POM by oxygen is rate-limiting. When, however, the reaction was carried out with an acetic acid co-solvent, a radical-chain autoxidation mechanism prevailed, especially when very low amounts of catalyst were used. Autoxidation overlapped with the redox mechanism when the catalyst-to-cyclohexanone ratio was increased. Moreover, the composition of the polyoxometalate, that is, the number of V atoms per Keggin unit, affected the relative importance of the two mechanisms. The selectivity to adipic acid achieved was a function of the reaction mechanism, but also was affected by cyclohexanone conversion, due to the presence of a complex reaction network.

Evidence for the presence of alternative mechanisms in the oxidation of cyclohexanone to adipic acid with oxygen, catalysed by Keggin polyoxometalates

CAVANI, FABRIZIO;FRATTINI, ALESSANDRA;MAZZINI, ANDREA;RAABOVÁ, KATERINA;
2010

Abstract

We report here about the results of a study on the oxidation of cyclohexanone to adipic acid with air, catalysed by Keggin-type polyoxometalates of composition H3+xPMo12-xVxO40 (x=1 and 2), which was carried out in a semi-continuous stirred-tank reactor. It was found that when conducted in the presence of a water-only solvent, the reaction proceeds with a redox mechanism, in which the step of reoxidation of the reduced POM by oxygen is rate-limiting. When, however, the reaction was carried out with an acetic acid co-solvent, a radical-chain autoxidation mechanism prevailed, especially when very low amounts of catalyst were used. Autoxidation overlapped with the redox mechanism when the catalyst-to-cyclohexanone ratio was increased. Moreover, the composition of the polyoxometalate, that is, the number of V atoms per Keggin unit, affected the relative importance of the two mechanisms. The selectivity to adipic acid achieved was a function of the reaction mechanism, but also was affected by cyclohexanone conversion, due to the presence of a complex reaction network.
XVI Congresso nazionale di catalisi GIC 2010 "Catalysis between Innovation and atrdition: new challenges and new opportunities for University and Industry"
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O16
F. Cavani; A. Frattini; A. Mazzini; K. Raabova; S. Alini; P. Accorinti; P. Babini
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/97772
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