The prevalence of overweight and obesity generally increases in immigrant populations, with a subsequent rise in nutrition-related disorders. This study examined the nutritional status and fat distribution of a sample of immigrants in Bologna (Italy). Anthropometric characteristics, with particular attention to fat patterning, and nutrient intake were examined in 257 adult male immigrants and nomads in Bologna (Italy). The Roma had the highest percentage of body fat and the thickest skinfolds, while the Senegalese had the lowest values. The Roma also had the highest concentration of fat on the trunk, the Senegalese the lowest. The reported total energy intake differed from the estimated energy requirements in the immigrant groups. Moreover, they generally presented an inadequate intake of macro- and micronutrients. The greatest nutritional imbalance was observed in the Kosovars and Roma. The fat patterning and nutrient intakes of immigrants in Bologna indicate lifestyle inadequacies. These aspects could influence the overall health and the risk of chronic diseases in minority populations. Our findings suggest the need for interventions directed at immigrants, particularly Kosovars and Roma, targeting lifestyle activities and supporting physical education programs.

Body composition and nutrient intake of immigrants living in Italian Reception Centres

TOSELLI, STEFANIA;
2010

Abstract

The prevalence of overweight and obesity generally increases in immigrant populations, with a subsequent rise in nutrition-related disorders. This study examined the nutritional status and fat distribution of a sample of immigrants in Bologna (Italy). Anthropometric characteristics, with particular attention to fat patterning, and nutrient intake were examined in 257 adult male immigrants and nomads in Bologna (Italy). The Roma had the highest percentage of body fat and the thickest skinfolds, while the Senegalese had the lowest values. The Roma also had the highest concentration of fat on the trunk, the Senegalese the lowest. The reported total energy intake differed from the estimated energy requirements in the immigrant groups. Moreover, they generally presented an inadequate intake of macro- and micronutrients. The greatest nutritional imbalance was observed in the Kosovars and Roma. The fat patterning and nutrient intakes of immigrants in Bologna indicate lifestyle inadequacies. These aspects could influence the overall health and the risk of chronic diseases in minority populations. Our findings suggest the need for interventions directed at immigrants, particularly Kosovars and Roma, targeting lifestyle activities and supporting physical education programs.
Nutritional Factors in Past and Present Populations
57
69
Toselli S.; Zironi A.; Gualdi-Russo E
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/97193
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