Neurotrophins (NTs) are molecules regulating differentiation, maintenance, and functional plasticity of vertebrate nervous systems. Nerve growth factor (NGF) was the first to be identified in the neurotrophin family. The long scientific history of NTs provided not only advancement in the neuroscience field but opened new scenarios involving different body districts in physiological and pathological conditions, which include the immune, endocrine, and skeletal system, vascular districts, inflammation, etc. To date, many biological aspects of NTs have been clarified, but the new discoveries are still opening new insights on molecular and cellular mechanisms and systemic effects, also affecting the possible therapeutic application of NTs. This short review summarizes the main aspects of NGF biology and biochemistry, including the role of the NGF precursor molecule, high- and low-affinity receptors and related intracellular pathways, and target cells.

Lorenzini L., Baldassarro V.A., Stanzani A., Giardino L. (2021). Nerve Growth Factor: The First Molecule of the Neurotrophin Family. Cham : Springer [10.1007/978-3-030-74046-7_1].

Nerve Growth Factor: The First Molecule of the Neurotrophin Family

Lorenzini L.
Primo
;
Baldassarro V. A.;Stanzani A.;Giardino L.
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Neurotrophins (NTs) are molecules regulating differentiation, maintenance, and functional plasticity of vertebrate nervous systems. Nerve growth factor (NGF) was the first to be identified in the neurotrophin family. The long scientific history of NTs provided not only advancement in the neuroscience field but opened new scenarios involving different body districts in physiological and pathological conditions, which include the immune, endocrine, and skeletal system, vascular districts, inflammation, etc. To date, many biological aspects of NTs have been clarified, but the new discoveries are still opening new insights on molecular and cellular mechanisms and systemic effects, also affecting the possible therapeutic application of NTs. This short review summarizes the main aspects of NGF biology and biochemistry, including the role of the NGF precursor molecule, high- and low-affinity receptors and related intracellular pathways, and target cells.
2021
Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
3
10
Lorenzini L., Baldassarro V.A., Stanzani A., Giardino L. (2021). Nerve Growth Factor: The First Molecule of the Neurotrophin Family. Cham : Springer [10.1007/978-3-030-74046-7_1].
Lorenzini L.; Baldassarro V.A.; Stanzani A.; Giardino L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/863657
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