Problematic mobile phone use can be related to negative mental states. Some studies indicate that behavioural dependency is related to variables associated with the country of origin. The aim of our study was to investigate if country indicators moderated the relationship between phubbing and psychological distress. Our sample consisted of 7,315 individuals from 20 countries, who completed the Phubbing Scale and the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6). The analyses also included country indicators: the Gender Gap Index (GGI), the Human Development Index (HDI), the Social Progress Index (SPI), Hofstede’s dimensions of culture, and the World Happiness Index (WHI). Our results showed that psychological distress was related to at least one dimension of phubbing (i.e., to communication disturbance or phone obsession) in all countries, which means this relationship is culturally universal. The results of the study demonstrate the importance of testing measurement invariance to determine what type of analysis and what type of conclusion are valid in a given study or comparison. Moreover, the increasing or decreasing correlation between phubbing and distress is related to some culture-level indices.

Country Indicators Moderating the Relationship Between Phubbing and Psychological Distress: A Study in 20 Countries

Martina Benvenuti
Data Curation
;
Elvis Mazzoni
Ultimo
Methodology
2021

Abstract

Problematic mobile phone use can be related to negative mental states. Some studies indicate that behavioural dependency is related to variables associated with the country of origin. The aim of our study was to investigate if country indicators moderated the relationship between phubbing and psychological distress. Our sample consisted of 7,315 individuals from 20 countries, who completed the Phubbing Scale and the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6). The analyses also included country indicators: the Gender Gap Index (GGI), the Human Development Index (HDI), the Social Progress Index (SPI), Hofstede’s dimensions of culture, and the World Happiness Index (WHI). Our results showed that psychological distress was related to at least one dimension of phubbing (i.e., to communication disturbance or phone obsession) in all countries, which means this relationship is culturally universal. The results of the study demonstrate the importance of testing measurement invariance to determine what type of analysis and what type of conclusion are valid in a given study or comparison. Moreover, the increasing or decreasing correlation between phubbing and distress is related to some culture-level indices.
2021
ONLINE PSYCHOLOGY BEYOND ADDICTION AND GAMING: A GLOBAL LOOK AT MENTAL HEALTH AND INTERNET-RELATED TECHNOLOGIES
82
92
Agata Błachnio, Aneta Przepiórka, Oleg Gorbaniuk, Monika McNeill, Rebecca Bendayan, Mithat Durak, Emre Senol-Durak, Menachem Ben-Ezra, Martina Benvenuti, Alan Angeluci, Ana Maria Abreu, Meiko Makita, María J. Blanca, Tihana Brkljacic, Nenad Č. Babič, Julia Gorbaniuk, Juraj Holdoš, Ana Ivanova, Sadia Malik, Anita Milanovic, Bojan Musil, Igor Pantic, Belén Rando, Gwendolyn Seidman, Lancy D’Souza, Mariek M. P. Vanden Abeele, Mariusz Wołońciej, Anise M. S. Wu, Shu Yu, Elvis Mazzoni
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
e-book_Frotiers.PDF

accesso aperto

Descrizione: file pubblicato completo
Tipo: Versione (PDF) editoriale
Licenza: Licenza per Accesso Aperto. Creative Commons Attribuzione (CCBY)
Dimensione 4.8 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
4.8 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/850064
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact