This deliverable is included within the activities of Workpackage 3 (WP3) which deals with the definition of effective and explicit links between legal knowledge and original legal sources the knowledge is based on. This is one of the main pre-conditions and central requirement of automated systems based on representations of legal knowledge. Each argument in fact should be backed with plausible references to legal sources proving the validity of the argument itself. Legal knowledge in ESTRELLA is represented by using a Legal Knowledge Interchange Format (LKIF), defined within the project as the main objective of WP1. It is built upon emerging XML-based standards of the Semantic Web, including RDF and OWL, and Application Programmer Interfaces (APIs) for interacting with LKIF legal knowledge systems. The LKIF is built on but go beyond this generic work to allow further kinds of legal knowledge to be modelled, including: meta-level rules for reasoning about rule priorities and exceptions, legal arguments, legal procedures, cases and case factors, values and principles. In order to establish explicit links between legal sources and legal knowledge, an open, general, jurisdiction independent and language independent XML based representation language able to describe legal sources will be defined as one of the main objectives of WP3. This standard for legal sources will be defined so that it can easily be used and coupled to LKIF knowledge models of these sources. Moreover, another primary objective of WP3 is represented by the specification and development of a Legal Sources Management System based on this standard format. This deliverable is addressed to analyse existing national standard formats for legal source representation. This analysis is the background to further activities within the project, leading to the definition and management of a European XML standard for legal sources. In particular, within such further activities, an evaluation of existing XML based legal drafting tools for specific national standards will be carried on in order to implement a prototype of ESTRELLA Legal Sources Management System; similarly current Content Management Systems (CMS) used in a legal setting and appropriate auxiliary legislation defining the way legal sources should be managed and used will be analysed.

General XML format(s) for legal Sources.

VITALI, FABIO;PALMIRANI, MONICA;
2007

Abstract

This deliverable is included within the activities of Workpackage 3 (WP3) which deals with the definition of effective and explicit links between legal knowledge and original legal sources the knowledge is based on. This is one of the main pre-conditions and central requirement of automated systems based on representations of legal knowledge. Each argument in fact should be backed with plausible references to legal sources proving the validity of the argument itself. Legal knowledge in ESTRELLA is represented by using a Legal Knowledge Interchange Format (LKIF), defined within the project as the main objective of WP1. It is built upon emerging XML-based standards of the Semantic Web, including RDF and OWL, and Application Programmer Interfaces (APIs) for interacting with LKIF legal knowledge systems. The LKIF is built on but go beyond this generic work to allow further kinds of legal knowledge to be modelled, including: meta-level rules for reasoning about rule priorities and exceptions, legal arguments, legal procedures, cases and case factors, values and principles. In order to establish explicit links between legal sources and legal knowledge, an open, general, jurisdiction independent and language independent XML based representation language able to describe legal sources will be defined as one of the main objectives of WP3. This standard for legal sources will be defined so that it can easily be used and coupled to LKIF knowledge models of these sources. Moreover, another primary objective of WP3 is represented by the specification and development of a Legal Sources Management System based on this standard format. This deliverable is addressed to analyse existing national standard formats for legal source representation. This analysis is the background to further activities within the project, leading to the definition and management of a European XML standard for legal sources. In particular, within such further activities, an evaluation of existing XML based legal drafting tools for specific national standards will be carried on in order to implement a prototype of ESTRELLA Legal Sources Management System; similarly current Content Management Systems (CMS) used in a legal setting and appropriate auxiliary legislation defining the way legal sources should be managed and used will be analysed.
2007
102
Lupo C.; Vitali F.; Francesconi E.; Palmirani M.; Winkels R.; de Maat E.; Boer A.; Mascellani P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/75301
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