The movement of the “young Neo-Kantians” spreads between the two World Wars in the countries of German area and language starting from the works of Richard Hönigswald (1875-1947) and Wolfgang Cramer (1901-1974). It developes after the Second World War with Hans Wagner (1917-2000) and, more recently, Werner Flach (1930 –). Their reflections on the theme of categories take place following an ontological-semantic approach that is unrelated to the privilege granted by classical Neo-Kantianism to the logical-transcendental reduction – according to an intellectualistic scheme – of critical philosophy. The young Neo-Kantianism is indeed aimed at finding a point of conjunction between “questions of principle” and “questions of fact”, which makes use of speculative elements taken from the psychology of thinking, the Husserlian phenomenology, the theory of validity of the “School of Baden” (Windelband and Rickert) and even from the developments, in an antispiritualistic direction, of Hegelian logic. The result is a critical theory of categorial experience that means the transcendental as an ontological articulation of different object domains, which one is to grasp the “sense” of, without aspiring to an “ultimate foundation” of knowledge.

The Categories in the Younger Neo-Kantians (Richard Hönigswald, Wolfgang Cramer, Hans Wagner)

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2019

Abstract

The movement of the “young Neo-Kantians” spreads between the two World Wars in the countries of German area and language starting from the works of Richard Hönigswald (1875-1947) and Wolfgang Cramer (1901-1974). It developes after the Second World War with Hans Wagner (1917-2000) and, more recently, Werner Flach (1930 –). Their reflections on the theme of categories take place following an ontological-semantic approach that is unrelated to the privilege granted by classical Neo-Kantianism to the logical-transcendental reduction – according to an intellectualistic scheme – of critical philosophy. The young Neo-Kantianism is indeed aimed at finding a point of conjunction between “questions of principle” and “questions of fact”, which makes use of speculative elements taken from the psychology of thinking, the Husserlian phenomenology, the theory of validity of the “School of Baden” (Windelband and Rickert) and even from the developments, in an antispiritualistic direction, of Hegelian logic. The result is a critical theory of categorial experience that means the transcendental as an ontological articulation of different object domains, which one is to grasp the “sense” of, without aspiring to an “ultimate foundation” of knowledge.
Categories. Histories and Perspectives 2
169
187
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/702173
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